October 28, 2002

The Big Brother Files #45: The Long, Stealthy, Lethal Reach of Big Bad Bro


Hello everyone

I've already received a number of supportive comments (such as "The newsletters are a ray of light and they should not stop!" or "Could this possibly be an attempt to silence a pesky truthful widely-read alternative information resource? Nahh, probably not - it's probably really only another one of those incredible "coincidences"...) and offers of help regarding my current problems with my Internet access provider. I'll first explore my options locally and will let you all know what they are as soon as possible.

Here is what I've prepared for you tonight... Quite baffling stuff!

Jean Hudon
Earth Rainbow Network Coordinator
http://www.cybernaute.com/earthconcert2000


"The former Soviet Union’s imperialist imperative had also received wholehearted support from its former Cold War enemy, the United States. “President Bill Clinton... helped finance Russia’s war in Chechnya.”[8] Clinton had “lent Yeltsin $11 billion to finance the operation”, and “even went to Moscow, lauded Yeltsin, likened Russia’s savage repression of tiny Chechnya to America’s civil war, and had the effrontery to call Yeltsin ‘Russia’s Abraham Lincoln’."

Taken from "The Smashing of Chechnya" below


CONTENTS

1. Bali Micro Nuke - Lack of Radiation Confuses "Experts"
2. The Smashing of Chechnya




1.

AN INTRIGUING EXPLANATION - TO SAY THE LEAST! - TO THE HORRIFIC RECENT BLAST IN BALI

Recommended by Richard Giles <ricgiles@powerup.com.au>

From: http://homepage.ntlworld.com/steveseymour/nuke/bali_micro_nuke.htm

Bali Micro Nuke - Lack of Radiation Confuses "Experts"

"The bomb flashed and exploded like a micro nuke, but our Geiger counters don't show any radiation"

By Joe Vialls, 21 October 2002

It was precisely 11.30 p.m. on Saturday 12 October 2002, when someone somewhere pressed a button that sent a single coded radio-squirt to an underground aerial located in a monsoon drain outside the Sari Club in Bali. An unseen circuit closed and a primer fired, then one-millionth of a single second later, a terrible fireball formed under the street. Less than six inches in diameter and burning at a staggering 300,000 degrees centigrade, the fireball was a perfect shimmering sphere, made possible by 99.78% Plutonium 239 manufactured at Dimona in the Negev Desert.

Five microseconds passed while this fission monster from hell expanded, then the already-cooling fireball tore its angry way out into the street above, vaporizing all victims standing within thirty feet while simultaneously spreading two tons of deadly microscopic roadbed shrapnel in a lethal arc across Kuta Beach. Every survivor standing in direct line-of-sight of its awesome ultraviolet emission received terrible flash burns, the like of which three eminent Australian burns surgeons would later claim on TV they "had never seen before".

Less than ten-millionths of a second after the monster achieved critical mass, its searing thermal wave set fire to twenty-seven buildings in the immediate area, and spontaneously ignited automobiles parked two blocks away from ground zero. But as you will read later in this report, no ordinary Geiger counter from any nation could detect any radiation from the weapon.

This atrocity was the "punishment" meted out to Australians and others opposed to the Judeo-Christian Crusade against Islam. Ordinary everyday people, Australians in particular, who had earlier been sensible enough and brave enough to speak out against their Prime Minister's slavish obedience to Ariel Sharon and George W. Bush in their ruthless quest to loot and destroy the Middle East. But the fission monster from hell was also designed to send a very clear and unmistakable message to like-minded dissidents in Britain: "Jump on the crusade bandwagon quickly, or our Dimona thought-reform folk will pay you a visit."

Political and paid "academic expert" whores were quickly thrust in front of television cameras to explain the inexplicable. How and why the bombing happened in the first place, and increasingly as harsh reality kicked in and facts became clearer, why dozens of full-size human victims had vanished completely without trace.

Every bomb expert in the world knows that conventional explosives lack the heat and velocity to "vanish" complete bodies in this manner, except perhaps when crushed into total oblivion by a million tons of masonry as happened at the World Trade Center. When the dust from the biggest IRA bomb ever detonated in Northern Ireland finally cleared, the victims were still in the local area. Many were disassembled into large bloody body parts, but they were still generally recognizable.

When a diminutive member of Hamas recently detonated thirty pounds of TNT strapped tightly around his own chest in Palestine, emergency services still had to remove large recognizable chunks of his dismembered body from the area. Believe me people, believe me, conventional explosive cannot "vanish" citizens without trace, and Bali simply did not have a million tons of masonry available to fall on their heads. Only a nuclear weapon has the heat needed for instant cremation, combined with the incredibly fast shock wave needed to completely remove the resulting cremated particles from the local area.

Next big problem for the politicians and "experts" was the large crater in the street outside the Sari Club. Five feet deep and twenty-two feet in diameter, the crater served as proof that the weapon was detonated underground rather than on the surface. The only way any explosive can cause a crater is if it is first dropped from an aircraft and penetrates sub-surface before exploding, or if it is physically positioned sub-surface in advance. The thousand-pound Omagh bomb detonated in Northern Ireland by the IRA during 1998 did not cause a crater, nor did any nuclear weapon detonated above-ground regardless of equivalent TNT yield. Check the test sites yourself.

Politicians and "experts" alike had less of a problem than they originally thought with the crater. The helpful media folk simply refrained from showing it on television or in the newspapers, and the brainwashed public soon forgot about the crater altogether. However, there were considerably more problems with the savage blast and horrific burns "never seen before" in Australia. Knowing that even the public would not believe these could have been caused by a large packet of runaway Chinese fire crackers, it was time to start dishing out some serious disinformation.

Less than 48 hours after the blast, media outlets claimed that investigators at the crime scene, "had found traces of C4". This was a lie but nonetheless devastating news, because everyone with a television set and a Sylvester Stallone or Bruce Willis video knows how awesome C4 is [supposed] to be. Stallone sticks blocks of the stuff on every enemy installation in sight, and Willis uses it to knock down skyscrapers. In every case the resulting television blast is accompanied by a giant fireball designed to impress the hell out of you, to the point where C4 has become television's "most powerful explosive on earth". Unfortunately C4 is no such thing, and it is probably time to put this magic bullet down once and for all, and along with it all the other media myths surrounding Bali.

Composition 4 [C4] is pretty dull stuff. Only 1.2 times as powerful as TNT, this plastic explosive gained its reputation primarily because of its flexibility in use. You can shape it anyway you like, and stick it wherever you want including underwater with little personal risk. Composition 4 is a stable and boring compound made from 91% RDX and 9% non-explosive Polyisobutylene plasticiser. Think about the formulation people, think very carefully. Could this possibly mean that 100% plain old everyday RDX actually has more explosive power than the Stallone and Willis magic bullet? Sadly, yes it does. In fact about 9% more.

The media in Australia were reminded of C4's shortfalls, and further advised the giant oily fireball that always accompanies its detonation on television is not real. The giant oily fireball is a special pyrotechnic effect designed specifically to satisfy the "armchair soldier" lurking inside many television viewers. Real C4 contains no incendiary materials at all, and has a brisance [velocity of detonation] of just over 26,300 feet per second, tending to extinguish fires rather than light them.

This caused the media to swiftly put their heads together with their paid "experts" to find an explosive device that the public could really believe in, short of a micro nuke of course. Less than 24 hours later the revised media fiction went to air as, "a minivan full of gas bottles, with explosives on top". Evidently the aim was to force the public to believe the weapon was a FAE [Fuel Air Explosive] commonly known as the "Poor Man's Atom Bomb", which was successfully dropped by American aircraft on both Vietnam and Iraq.

Several telephone calls later, the media were forced to admit that a Fuel Air Weapon must be "burst" at least 100 feet above the target in order to create a stable ethylene oxide gas cloud suitable for ignition. They also learned that even air-launched FAEs cannot make craters because they do not penetrate the earth, and the suction force developed by the weapon when it grabs oxygen for combustion, is sufficient to drag a victim's lungs out through his or her mouth. Horrific though the injuries were in Bali, there were none even remotely like this.

By now the media and their paid "experts" were getting quite angry, finally suggesting in Australia that the blast and horrific burns were caused by high explosive "laced with napalm". The fact that napalm leaves dirty stinking residue and soot all over the place, and produces burns quite different from those on the victims appeared not to disturb them. But the napalm story failed to impress, and the media lead was taken over by ITN in London on 18 October, in the aloof haughty way that only a British television station 'with real contacts' can manage:

"ITV News correspondent Julian Manyon, in the Indonesian capital, Jakarta, has been told by a highly placed western source that there was no plastic explosive and the bombers used a home-made brew similar to that which the IRA has relied on in the past in Northern Ireland and Canary Wharf. The ingredients are readily available in Indonesia and experts suggest that they were almost certainly mixed together on the island of Bali itself." Oh really? The IRA used one-thousand pounds of the stuff in the Omagh photo shown above, which killed nearly 30 people but made no crater, and failed dismally in its efforts to create an instant fiery war zone.

The perception of most members of the public where a critical nuclear weapon is concerned, was shaped decades ago in the wake of the American bombing of Hiroshima in Japan. An atomic bomb with a Uranium 235 core, nicknamed "Little Boy", was detonated overhead the city with a TNT equivalence of 15,000 tons. For nearly two generations thereafter, members of the public were 'taught' that this was the text book interpretation for use after any and all nuclear detonations, despite the fact that nothing could be further from the truth.

Little Boy was one of the 'dirtiest' fission weapons ever detonated in the atmosphere, with less than 1% of its critical mass undergoing true fission. Thus what remained after the explosion was a giant blizzard of lethal neutron, alpha, beta and gamma radiation. For practical [amateur] purposes we can forget the short range neutron, alpha and beta radiation, which has trouble penetrating the human body.

Over time it was to be the gamma radiation that would inflict such terrible injuries on the survivors of Hiroshima, including necrosis and ulceration. It is this gamma radiation that a standard Geiger counter detects, warning users that they are entering a hazardous zone. The standard Geiger counter can also detect significant quantities of beta, though this is more difficult. In summary, every Geiger counter within miles of Hiroshima clicked furiously for weeks after Little Boy went critical, primarily because of the gamma radiation.

Time passed and by the late fifties these fission weapons were being "micronized" because they were needed as "core weapons" for hydrogen bombs. Incredible temperatures are required to start the fusion reaction in a hydrogen bomb, with the atom bomb the only device capable of providing them. So for a while at least, the text books accurately referred to the hydrogen bomb as a "fission-fusion" weapon, meaning the heat from the core fission weapon [atom bomb] started the fusion reaction in the larger weapon encasing it [the hydrogen bomb].

It was not long before the scientists realized that in creating the tiny "core weapon" for the hydrogen bomb, they had also created a relatively lightweight micro nuclear weapon that could be carried by a single soldier for various uses against high value targets, including hydroelectric power stations and bridges. Less than two years later, the first of the SADM [Special Atomic Demolition Munition] series shown at the top of this page was pressed into operational service. The "standard" SADM that evolved would eventually have a core of Plutonium 239 encased in a thin shell of non-fissile Uranium 238 known as a "neutron reflector". Plutonium and Napalm flash burns - but can you tell which are which?

When the 10-ton TNT equivalence SADM went critical, it obviously created far less radiation than the huge and inappropriately named "Little Boy" at Hiroshima, but still produced dangerously high levels of residual radiation. Most of this came from SADM's very "dirty" Uranium 238 reflector, which along with its Plutonium 239 core, exploded into millions of particles at the point of criticality. This same non-fissile Uranium 238 material still causes serious illnesses today, after being fired by American tanks and aircraft as sub-critical Depleted Uranium [DU] shells or missile warheads. Ask anyone in southern Iraq and Kosovo how sick this stuff can make you.

The years rolled by and top-secret projects were initiated in America and Israel to replace the old SADM with its heavy weight and excess radioactivity, culminating in the successful development and testing at Dimona during 1981 of the "new" micro nuclear device. Using advanced nuclear physics, the scientists found a way of detonating the new "suitcase" bomb without the use of a Uranium 238 reflector, and further refined the Plutonium 239 in its core to 99.78%. These measures resulted in a weapon considerably smaller and lighter than SADM, which also had another enormous advantage.

The new Dimona micro nuke was the very first critical weapon that could be used in "stealth" mode. Gone was the dirty Uranium 238 reflector, and up went the purity of the smaller Plutonium 239 core. You see, Plutonium emits only alpha radiation, which is for all practical purposes "invisible" to a standard Geiger counter. If you do not believe me then ask the American Environmental Protection Agency, whose staff will confirm this.

In direct contrast with its more deadly cousins beta and gamma, alpha can travel only a few feet and is incapable of penetrating human skin. If you can afford an incredibly expensive and highly-specialized Muller tube or similar, you may be able to detect tiny amounts of alpha directly outside the Sari Club, though you will more than likely be defeated in this quest by the Bali environment.

Remember that this micro nuke was a tiny weapon in terms of critical mass, with its limited number of particles distributed over a very wide area. You will have to be within five feet to detect a single particle, and most may have already washed away. Bali lies in the Monsoon Belt with frequent heavy showers, and the Sari Club is located less than 200 yards away from the surf at Kuta Beach, which is where the monsoon drains in Kuta main street flow into the ocean. One week on from the blast, detection may already be too late.

Though the alpha particles cannot penetrate the skin, such radiation is extremely harardous if inhaled because Plutonium is the most toxic substance known to man. If you breathed in a mouthful immediately after the blast you would be dead in less than an hour, perhaps within minutes.

CLIP - To read the rest and see the pictures, go at http://homepage.ntlworld.com/steveseymour/nuke/bali_micro_nuke.htm




2.

SOME IMPORTANT HISTORIC FACTS ON THE CONTINUED REPRESSION OF CHECHENS

From: http://www.mediamonitors.net/mosaddeq5.html

The Smashing of Chechnya - An International Irrelevance

A Case Study of the Role of Human Rights in Western Foreign Policy by Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed

I. A Brief History of the Repression of a People
II. Manufacturing A Pretext for Extermination
III. Acts of Genocide: A Small Price to Pay for Political Gain
IV. Undercutting the Investigation of Human Rights
V. Western Humanism in the Caucasus
VI. ‘Muslim’ Values in the New Millenium

In the last half of 1999, Russia invaded Chechnya for the second time that decade. The West’s policy towards the crisis provides considerable insight into the motivations behind the formulation of policy, and thus elucidates the structure of the global order and the degree to which it is connected to humanitarian principles. Before inspecting Russia’s 1999 invasion, it is of course important to understand the historical context of Russian-Chechnyan relations and their character. After briefly elucidating this matter, the general tenore of Russia’s invasion is examined and on this basis an analysis of the West’s corresponding reaction is conducted.

I. A Brief History of the Repression of a People

The 1999-2000 crisis in Chechnya is merely the latest episode in a grim, three-centuries long oppression of Muslims under Russian colonial dominion. The Chechens, who have lived in the mountains and plains of Chechnya since the first millenium BC, are a subjugated people thanks to Russian rule, according to Peter Daniel DiPaola.[1] “To many westerners, Muslims often seem like constant trouble-makers or, worse, terrorists”, observes US foreign correspondent Eric Margolis for the Canadian newspaper the Toronto Sun. “But let us recall the Muslim world was the principal victim of rapacious 19th and 20th century European and Russian colonialism. The majority of France’s, Holland’s, and Russia’s colonial subjects, and almost half of Britain’s, were Muslims.”[2] During the last 250 years or so, the Muslim people of the Caucasus - Chechen, Ingush, Circassians, Abkhaz, and Dagestanis - have repeatedly attempted to revolt against the repressive rule of imperialist Russia, with the largest rebellion occurring in the mid-1800s under the leadership of the Dagestani Imam, Sheikh Shamil. Russia’s priority has consistently been to crush these uprisings that threaten its’s hegemony over millions of Muslims. In the process of clamping down on all these revolts, Russia has even managed to attempt genocide at least twice.

For example, in the 1940s 14,000 Chechens and Ingush - 3 per cent of their entire populations - were shot and killed by Stalin’s secret police, their bodies then dumped into a pit. The act is comparable to the mass murder of Jews in the pit at Babi Yar, committed four years before by Hitler’s forces. Stalin later proceeded to ‘cleanse’ almost all 1.5 million Chechens, forcibly deporting them to concentration camps in Siberia. About 25 per cent of them died in these camps. Another 2 million Muslims in the former Soviet Union, including Dagestanis, were similarly evicted to join their dying brothers and sisters in Stalin’s death camps.[3] Eric Margolis thus notes that the Chechens are “the children of a nation that has three times nearly been exterminated by Russian genocide: in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, the last when Stalin had tens of thousands of Chechens shot and the remainder of the Chechen people deported to Siberian concentration camps.”[4]

David Damren, an Associate Faculty Member in the Department of Religious Studies at Arizona State University, provides an overview of Russia’s attempts to wipe out both the Chechen people and their Islamic faith: “During WWII, when disturbances occurred in Chechnya in 1940 and again in 1943, Stalin responded with astonishing brutality that bordered on genocide. Accusing them of still unproven collaboration with Nazi Germany, in 1944 he forcibly relocated six entire Caucasian nationalities, including the whole Chechen and Ingush populations, to special camps in Central Asia. All told, more than a million Muslims from the Caucasus were deported, with tremendous loss of life. By some estimates one third to one-half of the population of Chechen-Ingushetia alone - well over 250,000 people - disappeared after the republic was liquidated in February 1944.

“The Chechens and other groups spent more than a decade in isolated work camps in Kazakhstan. But by all accounts, the forced resettlement failed to break either the Sufi brotherhoods or Chechen national spirit. Describing the fearsome ‘psychology of submission’ that prevailed in Soviet relocation camps, Russian author Alexander Solzhenitsyn observed that only one people refused to be broken by the ordeal: ‘the nation as a whole - the Chechens.’...

“In 1957, when the Chechens and other exiled Caucasian groups were proclaimed ‘rehabilitated’ and returned to their republics, they found that their land had been ‘Russified’. Hundreds of thousands of Russian farmers brought in to work the land during their absence had become permanent residents and now comprised a quarter of the region’s population.

“The Chechens, Ingush and Daghestanis also discovered a land scoured of Islam. Soviet authorities had experimented with the near total suppression of Islam in the region, closing over 800 mosques and 400 religious colleges. Mazars were demolished, converted into state museums, or made inaccessible. Only after more than 30 years, in 1978, Soviet authorities in the Caucasus allowed under 40 mosques to reopen and staffed them with less than 300 registered ulema.”[5]

From 1994-96, the Russians waged yet another war to crush the Chechens’ popular plea for self-determination. Though the Chechens eventually managed to drive Russia out, Russian forces still succeeded in slaughtering 100,000 Chechens, wounding 240,000, and scattering 17 million anti-personnel land mines across the country.[6] Russia had used “mass artillery, rocket barrages, and airstrikes to smash Chechen villages and towns”, “conducted wide scale torture, and razed most of Chechnya to the ground”, reports the Toronto Sun.[7] The former Soviet Union’s imperialist imperative had also received wholehearted support from its former Cold War enemy, the United States. “President Bill Clinton... helped finance Russia’s war in Chechnya.”[8] Clinton had “lent Yeltsin $11 billion to finance the operation”, and “even went to Moscow, lauded Yeltsin, likened Russia’s savage repression of tiny Chechnya to America’s civil war, and had the effrontery to call Yeltsin ‘Russia’s Abraham Lincoln’.” The extent of American support for Russia’s campaign to subjugate the Chechen people was even clearer when in 1996, “Clinton reportedly ordered the CIA to supply Moscow top-secret electronic targeting devices that allowed the Russians to assassinate Chechen president, Dzhokar Dudayev, while he was conducting peace negotiations with Moscow on his cell phone.”[9]

However, Russia’s assault on the tiny country failed despite its devastating impact, and its forces eventually had to pull out. A treaty was then instigated granting Chechnya de facto independence. It also recognised the 31 August 1996 agreement stipulating that a popular referendum be held in Chechnya on 31 December 2001 to determine the ultimate fate of its independence. Yet in 1999, Russia launched another attack on Chechnya in violation of its 1996 treaty, and in violation of the 1990 CFE treaty.[10] Russia’s attack was justified as a response to bombs that exploded in Moscow and other cities in September 1999, killing over 200 people. Russia blamed the bombings on Chechen ‘terrorists’. However, “no convincing evidence has been presented to support allegations of Chechen involvement in the bombings.”[11] According to the Economist: “No clear evidence has yet been found for who was responsible for those bombs, and no one has claimed responsibility.”[12] In fact the bombings “were more likely carried out by Russian political provocateurs as a pretext for Moscow hardliners to invade Chechnya and intimidate freedom movements in other parts of the Caucasus.”[13] This conclusion is supported by “the record of violent crime and political assassinations on the part of Mafia elements that compete for influence within Russian government circles”.[14]

The ambiguity surrounding the possible perpetrators of the bombings, and the sheer lack of evidence that they were carried out by Chechen “terrorists”, was further reported by the International Worker’s Party (Russia), which noted that the bomb attacks in Moscow “were soon followed by a number of scandalous mutual accusations between different power groups in Moscow and the Federation which incriminated Russian secret services. The commission of investigation has still not produced any convincing results which will permit the conclusion that the attacks were organized by the Chechen guerrillas.”[15] Moreover, the US must have been fully aware of the non-existent results of the Russian investigation - which have not produced any evidence of Chechen involvement in the bombings - since the State Department and FBI chief Louis Freeh offered “technical and investigative assistance” to the Russian government in its investigation of the four apartment explosions in Moscow.[16] Nevertheless, along with its European subordinates, the US has chosen not to expose the vacuity of Russia’s pretext for its war, but has instead expressed open agreement that Russia has a problem with Chechen “terrorism” - this consent to Russian propaganda has ominous implications which we shall be returning to in due course.

Rather than being a response to terrorism, as Dr. Aslambek Kadiev explained to the BBC: “There are two main reasons for the two wars which Russia has launched against Chechnya. The first is economic. Russia wants to control the Caucasus oil fields and pipeline routes. The second is connected with the political situation in Russia, and particularly inside the Kremlin... The political purpose of the first Chechen war was to increase Boris Yeltsin’s popularity and get him re-elected as president in 1996. The main aim of this second war is to ensure that Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, a former [KGB] spy and President Yeltsin’s anointed heir, becomes president at the next elections. The apartment bombings in Russian cities early this year were used by Russia to justify its invasion.”[17]

II. Manufacturing A Pretext for Extermination

Dr. Kadeiv’s observations were confirmed when the Independent obtained a videotape in which Russian officer Lieutenant Galtan testified: “I know who is responsible for the bombings in Moscow [and Dagestan]. It is the FSB [Russian security service], in cooperation with the GRU [Russian military intelligence service], that is responsible for the explosions in Volgodonsk and Moscow.”[18] Further evidence arose when on 22 September 1999, a third bomb was discovered in the basement of a block of flats 100 miles south of Moscow. Local residents had noticed two men and a woman acting suspiciously and called the local police, who then arrested them. The police discovered explosive devices hidden in what looked to be bags of sugar. It was soon discovered that the suspects planting the devices were Russian FSB agents.[19]

According to Russian bomb squad officer Yuri Tkachenko, who defused the third bomb, “It was a live bomb”, made of the same explosive as the previous bombs (Hexagen). Its detonator had been set for 5:30AM, and would probably have killed most of the 250 tenants of the block of flats it was planted in. Boris Kagarlitsy, a member of the Russian Institute for Comparative Politics, stated: “FSB officers were caught red-handed while planting the bomb. They were arrested by the police and they tried to save themselves by showing FSB identity cards.” The first man to enter the basement, Police Inspector Andrei Chernyshev, related: “It was about 10 in the evening. There were some strangers who were seen leaving the basement. We were told about the men who came out from the basement and left the car with a licence number which was covered with paper. I went down to the basement. This block of flats had a very deep basement which was completely covered with water. We could see sacks of sugar and in them some electronic device, a few wires and a clock. We were shocked. We ran out of the basement and I stayed on watch by the entrance and my officers went to evacuate the people.” Despite the arrest of the FSB officers by the police, they were quietly released when the secret service’s Moscow headquarters intervened. The Observer reports that the next day, in an attempt to cover-up the discovery, “the FSB in Moscow announced that there had never been a bomb, only a training exercise.”[20]

The fact of Russian complicity had been finally confirmed once again when Sergei Stephashin, Russian Interior and Prime Minister for most of last year (he was Interior Minister up to May and then Prime Minister until August, therefore having been at the centre of Russian decision-making), testified according to British correspondent Patrick Cockburn that “Russia made its plans to invade Chechnya six months before the bombing of civilian targets in Russia and the Chechen attack on Dagestan which were the official pretext for launching the war. His account wholly contradicts the official Russian version... which claims that it was only as a result of ‘terrorist’ attacks last August and September [1999] that Russia invaded Chechnya.” Stephasin himself testified that the plan to send the Russian army into Chechnya “had been worked out in March [1999]”, and he had played a central role in organising the military build up before the invasion. He stated that the invasion “had to happen even if there were no explosions in Moscow”. Cockburn points out: “The revelation by Mr Stepashin, that Russia planned to go to war long before it has previously admitted, lends support to allegations in the Russian press that the invasion of Dagestan in August and the bombings in September were arranged by Moscow to justify its invasion of Chechnya.”

Boris Kagarlitsky, a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Comparative Politics, “drawing on a source with close knowledge of the GRU” similarly stated that the bombings in Moscow and elsewhere were arranged by the GRU. He noted that the Russians manipulated “members of a group controlled by [a Chechen warlord] Shirvani Basayev... to plant the bombs” which “killed 300 people in Buikask, Moscow and Volgodonsk in September.” The “invasion of Dagestan by Shamil Baseyev himself” - Shirvani’s brother - “in August was pre-arranged with a senior Kremlin leader at a meeting in France in July.” Kagarlitsky observed that the motive for all this “was the need for the political leadership in the Kremlin to control the succession of Boris Yeltsin”, who by “last summer” “was deeply unpopular”, and whose “family and associates” feared for their “fortunes if a president hostile to their interests was elected this June.”[22] One option being considered by the Kremlin and its oligarchical associates to ensure an appropriate presidential successor who would protect their “freedom and fortunes”, was “terror bombings in Moscow which could be blamed on Chechens”, reported Moscow correspondent Jan Blomgren in the Swedish daily Svenska Dagbladet four months before the first bomb, based on sources who were familiar with discussions within the Russian political elite.[23]

CLIP -- Read the rest at http://www.mediamonitors.net/mosaddeq5.html


---

See also:

Chechen bomb suspects take the dock (July 12, 2001)
http://www.guardian.co.uk/elsewhere/journalist/story/0,7792,520510,00.html
Some think Moscow's security forces had a role in bombings blamed on terrorists from the rebel region.







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