January 8, 2002

The Green Holocaust: Saving the Biosphere Has Got to Be Our Top Priority


Hello everyone

As we enter further ahead in the most critical decade ever experienced on this planet, it is vitally important to keep in mind - or be reminded! - that our very immediate future is now being jeopardized by our collective mindless, systematic abuse of our endangered environment. There is much each individual can do to help alleviate the problem.

This compilation provides plenty of vital statistics on Gaia's faltering life signs and what you can do to help protect our global environment - especially if you happen to live in North America.

I encourage you to share this with others as well.

Jean Hudon
Earth Rainbow Network Coordinator
http://www.cybernaute.com/earthconcert2000

To receive similar compilations on a regular basis, simply send an email to globalvisionary@cybernaute.com with "Add me to the ERN list" in the subject field of your email. Subscription is free.

See also:

Media Compilation #39: Mysterious Cover-ups And Vengeful Killings http://www.cybernaute.com/earthconcert2000/Archives2002/MediaCompilation39.htm

SO YOU'RE AN ENVIRONMENTALIST; WHY ARE YOU STILL EATING MEAT?
Evidence shows a meat-based diet is bad for the environment, aggravates global hunger, brutalizes animals and compromises health. So why aren't more environmentalists vegetarians?
http://www.alternet.org/story.html?StoryID=12162




Taken from National Geographic - January 2002

Hotspots: Preserving pieces of a fragile biosphere

By E. O. Wilson

The biosphere that gives us life is wondrously rich. The number of organisms composing it is astronomical: One million trillion insects are believed to be alive on the planet at any one time; they in turn are beggared by the bacteria, ten billion of which may reside in a single pinch of soil. And so great is the diversity of life-forms that we still have not taken its measure. During the past two centuries biologists have discovered and given formal names to somewhat more than 1.5 million species of plants, animals, and microorganisms, yet various methods of estimation place the number of all species on Earth, known and still unknown, between 3 million and 100 million.

In spite of this immense complexity, perhaps because of it, the biosphere is also very fragile. Although it appears robust, it is actually a hollow shell around the planet so thin it cannot be seen edgewise from an orbiting spacecraft. Its teeming organisms are ill equipped to withstand humanity's relentless assault on the habitats in which they live. Our species, at more than six billion strong and heading toward nine billion by mid-century, has become a geophysical force more destructive than storms and droughts. Half the world's forests are gone. Tropical forests in particular, where most of Earth's plant and animal species live, are being clear-cut at the rate of perhaps one percent a year. In shallow waters from the West Indies to the Maldives many of Earth's coral reefs are literally fading away. Polluting, damming, and the introduction of alien organisms are causing the wholesale extinction of native aquatic species. Greenhouse warming, by edging climatic zones poleward faster than flora and fauna can emigrate, threatens the existence of entire ecosystems, including those of the Arctic and other hitherto least disturbed parts of the world.

Researchers generally agree that extant species are now vanishing at least 100 and possibly as much as 10,000 times faster than new ones are being born. Many experts believe that at the present rate of environmental change half the world's surviving species could be 11 gone by the end of the century.

Is there a way to divert the human juggernaut and save at least most of the remaining natural world? A providential arrangement in the geography of life makes it at least possible. Biodiversity is not distributed uniformly over land and sea. A large part of it is concentrated in a relatively small number of coral reefs, forests, savannas, and other habitats scattered on and around different continents. By preserving these special places, biologists have come to agree, it should be possible to accommodate the continuing human surge while protecting a large part of Earth's threatened fauna and flora.

Among the most precious of the special places are the hotspots, which conservation biologists define as natural environments containing exceptionally large numbers of endangered species found nowhere else. The most familiar hotspots include the Philippines, California's Mediterranean-climate coast, and Madagascar. Less well-known are Choco-Darien-Western Ecuador, the Western Ghats of India, and the Succulent Karoo of South Africa. Just 25 of the hottest of these hotspots occupy 1.4 percent of the planet's land surface, roughly equivalent to Alaska and Texas combined, yet are the exclusive homes of 44 percent of Earth's plant species and 35 percent of its birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians. Increasingly, these areas, among the biologically most opulent and fascinating places on Earth, have become the focus of global conservation efforts. Their plight is stark evidence of humankind's deadly impact on nature, and their attempted rescue a beacon of hope.




ENVIRONMENTAL TIPS TO HELP SAVE THE EARTH

The following has been taken from the Earth Communication Office (ECO) website at http://www.oneearth.org

You will find much much more there, including 10 beautiful awareness-raising video clips.

From this site, here are some very useful suggestions as to what you can do about the following issues:

CONSUMPTION

In the past 46 years, the human race has consumed as many goods and services as all previous generations combined. Unsustainable consumption is quickly becoming the root cause of our planet's most pressing problems, resulting in global deforestation, depletion of our oceans, loss of biodiversity, and increased pollution from a growing reliance on fossil fuels.

In the past five decades: almost half of the forests that once covered the earth have vanished, and deforestation is expanding and accelerating; 70% of the world's fish stocks are at some stage of deterioration through overfishing and all 15 major fishing areas are close to reaching or have already exceeded their natural limits; and at least 1,000 species go extinct every year.

The industrialized countries, with only one-fourth of the planet's population, consume an overwhelming proportion of the planet's natural resources. The average resident of an industrial country consumes 3 times as much fresh water, 10 times as much energy, and 19 times as much aluminum as someone in a developing country. Industrialized countries also generate 75% of the pollutants and waste.

This "consumer class" counts among its members most North Americans, West Europeans, Japanese, Australians and citizens of Hong Kong, Singapore, and the Middle East. In addition, perhaps half of the people of Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States are in the consumer class as are about one fifth of the people in Latin America, South Africa, and the newly industrializing countries of Asia, such as South Korea.

The United States, with only 5% of the planet's population, consumes nearly 30% of the planet's natural resources. The average American consumes 150 gallons (681 liters) of water, 3.3 pounds (1.5 kg) of food and 15 pounds (6.8 kg) of fossil fuels a day, while producing 120 gallons (546 liters) of sewage, 3.4 pounds (1.5 kg) of garbage and 1.3 pounds (.6 kg) of pollutants.

This overconsumptive American lifestyle is quickly becoming the uncontested global model and consumption levels in developing nations are rising more quickly than those in the industrialized nations. If the level of consumption in the developing world should rise to that of the industrialized nations, we would require two additional earths to meet everyone's food and timber needs under current technologies.

Does this mean we need to abandon our way of life? Not necessarily. Despite the constraints and tradeoffs we all face, it is possible to become more responsible consumers without giving up any of our quality of life. The following sections will highlight some of the steps we can all take to reduce our impact on the planet. It focuses on the three areas that account for the majority of environmental impacts: transportation, food, and the house. CLIP

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TRANSPORTATION

The 450 million vehicles on the road today account for half of the world's total consumption, generate nearly one fifth of greenhouse gas emissions, and have pervasive effects on land use and air quality. Personal transportation (i.e., home use) is responsible for 30 to 50% of greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution, 33% of toxic water pollution, and over 45% of toxic air emissions. In addition, fueling passenger cars accounts for more than one quarter of world oil consumption.

Building roads for all those cars also creates a lot of environmental problems, fragmenting habitat, consuming resources for their construction, and generating water pollution from runoff. In the U.S., roads and parking lots occupy one half of urban space. That much land, if dedicated to food production, could produce enough grain to feed 200 million people per year.

TIPS

GOOD: Keep your car tuned up

When just 1% of car owners tune up their cars, nearly a billion pounds (453 million kgs) of carbon dioxide are kept out of the atmosphere. According to the EPA, keeping an older car tuned up can reduce pollution by 40%. By simply keeping your tires inflated, we could save 2 billion gallons (9 billion liters) of gasoline each year.

GOOD: Try budgeting your car travel

Keep a log of daily trips and note the number of miles you are travelling and then set a household goal to try to reduce the number of miles. A 20% reduction will lower your contribution to air pollution by about 5%. An easy way to reduce the amount you travel is by combining errands for fewer trips -- those shorter trips really add up.

BETTER: Car pool or van pool whenever possible

If each commuting car carried just one more person, we'd save more than 18 million gallons (82 million liters) of gasoline and keep more than 360 million pounds (163 million kgs) of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere every day. Most cars on U.S. roads carry only one person. In fact, there is so much extra room in America's 140 million cars that everyone in Western Europe could ride with them.

BEST: Whenever practical, walk, bike and take public transportation instead of driving. When it is time to buy a new car, consider the following:

Buy a used car instead

The manufacture of an automobile consumes enormous amounts of energy and raw materials, including 1,500 - 3,500 pounds (679-1,585 kgs) of steel, 200-1,000 pounds (91-453 kgs) of plastic and composite synthetic materials, and 120-200 pounds (54-91 kgs) of glass, aluminum and other materials.

A single car contains 4-10 times as much plastic as the average person is likely to consume in a year. The manufacture of the average car generates nearly 27 tons (12,000 kgs) of waste. As a result of car manufacture, over 4 tons (1,812 kgs) of carbon and nearly 500 pounds (227 kgs) of ordinary pollutants are created.

Make sure the car is the right size for your everyday needs

Light trucks and sports utility vehicles (SUV) are all the rage today, but have severe implications for the environment. The average new light truck or SUV gets lower gas mileage and does not have the same emissions standards as a new passenger car, meaning it will emit more pollutants than a new car.

Without the recent trend in SUVs, fuel consumption would be 15% lower than it is today. If you were thinking of buying an SUV for camping or off-road use, consider renting one for those trips instead.

Make sure you get the most fuel-efficient and least polluting vehicle in its class.

LINK TO: http://www.ucsusa.org www.eren.doe.gov/feguide

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FOOD

The processing, transportation and packaging of food has a pervasive effect on the environment, both in terms of the resources it consumes and the wastes it creates. In the U.S., the consumer food chain uses 17% of total energy consumption: 3% for livestock production, 3% for other types of agriculture, 6% for processing and packaging, and 5% to transport, refrigerate and cook the food. In addition, irrigated crop production also accounts for 48% of all water use: 18% for growing livestock feed and 30% for growing crops for human consumption.

Foe every dollar the American consumer spends on food, the farmer receives between 3 and 25 cents to pay for labor. The remaining 75 to 97 cents goes to pay for machines, fossil fuels, pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers, processing, packaging, advertising, and distribution.

If all the world's people nourished themselves with the typical American diet of meat, heavily packaged and processed foods and drinks, and foods transported great distances, we would use more energy for food and drink than we currently do for all purposes.

In addition, even though the last half century has been dominated by food surpluses every year, the annual increase in grain production (which is used to measure the world food supply) has not been keeping up with increases in population, the first indication that our food surpluses may be coming to an end. Agricultural yields may also begin to decline because of water shortages, degraded agricultural land and the loss of agricultural land to development. Last year, 26 countries had water shortages and one third of agricultural land was lightly degraded, half was moderately degraded, and 16% strongly or extremely degraded.

TIPS

GOOD: Buy fresh, local produce and products as often as possible and avoid heavily packaged products. The typical U.S. meal travels 1,250 miles (2,000 km) from farm to plate. Frozen food uses 10 times more energy to produce. Food packaging accounts for one fifth of municipal solid waste

Seek out and support local farmer's markets. They reduce the amount of energy required to grow and transport the food to you by one fifth and also reduce the amount of pesticides and fungicides used on foods to preserve them until they reach grocery stores.

BETTER: Buy organic foods as much as possible.

Organics is the process of growing foods without the use of any chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides or fungicides.

Of the 28 most commonly used pesticides, at least 23 are carcinogenic. The National Academy of Sciences estimates that pesticide residues in food cause 20,000 cancer deaths a year in the United States alone.

The world currently uses 4.1 billion pounds (1.86 kgs.) of pesticides a year in agriculture. 60% of all herbicides, 90% of all fungicides and 30% of all insecticides are carcinogenic.

Today, although farmers use 30 times more pesticides than they did in 1945, the portion of the harvest lost to pests has increased 20%. There are now more than 900 species of insects and plants that have developed a resistance to one or more pesticides.

In the U.S., The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that pesticides contaminate the groundwater in 38 states, polluting the primary sources of drinking water for more than half the country's population.

If the average household switched entirely from conventional to organic fruits, vegetables and grains, there would be a reduction of 5-6% in water pollution, 9-12% in air pollution and 24% in water use.

BEST: Eat less meat (or eat lower on the food chain)

Meat production causes more environmental harm than any other type of food production. 36% of the world's grain supply goes to feeding livestock and poultry. Animal wastes are responsible for about 16% of common water quality problems.

Producing a quarter pound (.10 kg) hamburger requires at least 100 gallons (45 kgs.) of water, 1.2 pounds (1/2 kg) of corn and soybean meal and the energy equivalent of one cup (236.6 ml) of gasoline. That burger also causes the loss of one and a quarter pounds (1/2 kg) of top soil and greenhouse gas emissions equal to a 6 mile (9.7 km) drive in a typical American car. Meat production uses 40% of the world's grain, grown on one fourth of the world's cropland. One pound (.453 kg) of chicken requires 660 gallons (3,000 liters) of water and 6 pounds (2.72 kg) of feed.

By reducing meat intake by just 10% (2 meat dishes a week), the savings in grain and soybeans used to feed cattle annually could feed 225 million people. By cutting meat consumption in half, food related land use and common water pollution would be reduced by 30 percent and 24 percent, respectively.

Household meat consumption is responsible for about one quarter of the threats to endangered species.

In recent years, threats to the ecological integrity of the world's oceans have emerged as a major global environmental problem. More than two thirds of the world's marine fish stocks are being fished at or beyond their level of maximum productivity. 25% of those stocks are already either depleted from overfishing or in serious risk of depletion because of current overharvesting.

SEAFOOD

Depleted fish populations can bounce back if pressure on them is reduced. Restoring marine fisheries to sustainability can help the food needs of billions of people worldwide and protect a key component of the complex ocean ecosystems that sustain life on earth.

The following fish need to have the fishing pressure lifted if they are to be able to bounce back:

Swordfish - Swordfish in the Atlantic have declined by almost 70 percent. If swordfish continues to decline at the current rate, it may be commercially extinct in the Atlantic in 10 years. Pacific swordfish is not as threatened, but is caught using longlines -- monofilament lines that can stretch up to 70 miles in length that are baited with thousands of hooks. Longlines catch and kill large numbers of unwanted species, from endangered sea turtles to dolphins and juvenile fish.

Shrimp - A wide variety of shrimp come from all over the world. About half are farmed, mostly in the tropics. Shrimp farms pollute and destroy vital habitat in tropical areas. Wild shrimp fishing entails an enormous amount of bycatch -- the capture and killing of unwanted species. For every pound of shrimp caught, 5 pounds of other species are caught, killed, and thrown overboard, including endangered sea turtles.

Atlantic Groundfish (Cod, haddock, pollack, scrod, flounder and monkfish) - Groundfish fisheries in the North Atlantic collapsed several years ago due to overfishing, leading to $350 million in lost annual income and 14,000 jobs. Many species are still not rebounding and comprehensive recovery plans are needed.

Scallops - Atlantic sea scallops are severely overfished and bay scallops are currently having problems due to pollution induced algal blooms.

Shark - Many shark populations are declining worldwide. Sharks mature late in life, grow slowly and produce few offspring. Caught using longlines or gill nets, shark fishing kills lots of unwanted fish and marine mammals such as dolphins. In addition, many sharks are caught for their fins only. Once the fins are cut off, the sharks are thrown back into the water to die.

Grouper - Overfishing threatens this group of predominantly tropical species. Since groupers change sex with age, overfishing, which takes most of the old fish, can wipe out an entire sex.

Red Snapper - Populations of red snapper are depleted. Shrimp fisheries in the Gulf of Mexico catch and discard nearly 35 million red snappers a year, contributing to the depletion of this fish. Proposed requirements to modify fishing gear may significantly reduce the amount of red snapper and other marine life being killed.

Species that are currently in good shape:

Alaska Salmon - Most Alaskan populations of salmon are thriving, unlike their cousins in the Pacific Northwest. Most salmon populations are not at risk from fisherman, but from threats to habitat by logging and dams.

Crab - Alaskan king crab is currently threatened by overfishing, but other populations are in good shape, especially Dungeness crab. Since crabs are usually trap caught, they involve very little bycatch.

Striped Bass - After severe depletion in the 1980s, striped bass populations have rebounded and are now abundant. Half of all fish are farmed and the share may be increasing. Striped bass are mostly farmed in tanks, where water pollution is controllable and the fish can't escape. Farmed striped bass also entail no bycatch.

Trapped Shrimp - Using traps to catch shrimp, as is sometimes done in the Pacific and off the New England coast, reduces the amount of other marine life caught and killed, and avoids other problems like pollution and destruction habitat.

LINK TO: http://www.audubon.org/campaign/lo/index.html

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HOUSE

ENERGY USE

About 35% of all electricity is used to run homes. The EPA estimates that each homeowner could reduce home electricity use by 30% by just using energy more wisely and purchasing energy efficient products. The most energy intensive appliances used in the home are:

water heater - 16%
refrigerator - 12%
air conditioning/heat - 8-30% (depending on climate)
lights - 7%

Homes also contribute to air pollution, including 20% of all carbon dioxide emissions in the United States.


TIPS

Water Heater

GOOD: Lower the thermostat on the water heater to 115 degrees Fahrenheit (46.1 degrees Celsius).

Most water heaters come from the factory with higher temperatures set or are installed that way. Keeping the temperature at 115 will provide you with plenty of hot water and it is hot enough to kill bacteria on dishes.

BETTER: Place an insulation blanket on your water heater.

A significant amount of heat escapes from the water heater, forcing it to work harder to maintain your temperature setting.

BEST: Whenever possible, wash your clothes in cold or warm water instead of hot.

All but 10% of the energy used for washing clothes goes to heating the water. By washing your clothes with colder water you'll not only save energy and money, but also extend the life of your clothes and keep colors brighter.

Refrigerator

GOOD: Clean the condenser coils on the back of your refrigerator at least once a year by pulling it away from the wall and vacuuming the coils.

The refrigerator will run for shorter periods with clean coils, saving energy and money.

BETTER: Check to make sure you have a tight seal on your refrigerator door by placing a dollar bill or piece of paper half in and half out of the door and closing it. If you can pull the dollar bill out easily, consider replacing the door seal so that less cold air escapes from the refrigerator.

BEST: Don't keep your refrigerator or freezer too cold.

Recommended temperatures are 37 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit (2.8 to 4.4 degrees Celsius) for the fresh food compartment and 5 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Celsius) for the freezer section. To check the temperature, place a thermometer in a glass of water in the center of the refrigerator. Read it after 24 hours. To check the freezer, place a thermometer between frozen packages. Read it after 24 hours.

When it is time to buy a new refrigerator (or other major appliance), look for the most energy efficient model available.

LINK TO: http://www.energystar.gov

Air Conditioning and Heating

Up to 30% of a utility bill goes for heating and cooling a home.

Short term:

GOOD: Close the vents in unused rooms and shut the door so that you are heating or cooling a smaller area of the house.

BETTER: Clean or replace filters on your furnace and air conditioner at least once a year.

Clean filters will allow them to heat or cool the air more easily and lead to shorter running periods.

BEST: Install a programmable thermostat.

Programmable thermostats will automatically lower the heat or air conditioning at night and raise them again in the morning. They cost about $25 and will lead to instant savings in electric bills.

Long term:

GOOD: Plant shrubs or trees to shade your air conditioning unit.

BETTER: Plant deciduous trees in front of south and west facing windows to block the sun during the summer but allow it in during the winter.

BEST: Replace older windows with newer, better insulated windows.

10 to 24% of heat loss occurs through windows.

Lighting

GOOD: Turn off lights when leaving a room.

BETTER: Switch to 3 way light bulbs in order to use lower light settings when not as much light is needed.

BEST: Switch to compact florescent lightbulbs (CFL).

Replacing your current incandescent lightbulbs with a CFL may just be the easiest and most powerful thing you can do. A single CFL will not only eliminate the combustion of 300 pounds (136 kgs) of coal and keep a half-ton (227 kgs) of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere over its life, it will also save you nearly $40 in energy costs.

The 980 million CFLs used today require only 14,700 megawatts of electricity, versus 58,800 megawatts for the same light from incandescents. This difference is equal to the energy produced by 100 coal-fired power plants.

Water

Home water use only accounts for about 5% of total water consumption, but it can still be a serious problem in communities where water is in short supply. There are some very easy, inexpensive things you can do cut water consumption at home.

GOOD: Fix leaky faucets and toilets.

A small leak from a faucet can waste 50 gallons (227 liters) of water a day and a leaky toilet can waste 260 gallons (1182 liters) a day. (Or 18,250 gallons and 94,900 gallons a year respectively).

5% of water "use" is from leaks.

BETTER: Always wash full loads of clothes and dishes.

Washing machines use 30 to 60 gallons (136 to 273 liters) of water for the wash cycle.

BEST: Install high efficiency showerheads, faucets and toilets.

High efficiency showerheads, which cost about $15, can reduce water use by 50% and reduce water and electricity bills by 27 cents and 51 cents per day, respectively.

High efficiency faucet heads cost about $2.

Water efficient toilets use 50 to 80% less water. In many areas, your local Department of Water will replace toilets for free or for very little money.

Waste

Americans produce 2 times as much waste as anyone else (about 4.5 pounds per person, per day), and only recycle 10% of that waste.

Average waste produced per person, per day in some major cities around the world: - Los Angeles 8.9 pounds (4 kgs)

- Chicago 5.1 pounds (2.3 kgs)

- New York 4.0 pounds (1.8 kgs)

- Tokyo 3.1 pounds (1.4 kgs)

- Paris 2.4 pounds (1.1 kgs)

- Toronto 2.4 pounds (1.1 kgs)

99% of the material used in the production of goods in the U.S. becomes waste within 6 weeks of sale.

GOOD: Recycle more.

Recycling aluminum saves 90% of the energy cost of production and reduces 95% of the air pollution and 97% of water pollution.

Recycling glass saves 50% of the raw materials, 50% of the water and 33% of the energy used to make new glass and reduces air pollution by 20%.

For every 150 pounds of paper you recycle, you save one tree.

A ton of recycled paper requires 60% less energy and 50% less water to produce than paper made from virgin stock.

Composting food and other kitchen wastes can decrease the weight of your garbage by 30-50%.

BETTER: Avoid buying overpackaged items

One fifth of our garbage is packaging. Of every dollar spent on food and cosmetics, between 13 and 30 cents is for packaging. Packaging consumes 5% of the energy used in the United Kingdom, 40% of the paper used in Germany, and nearly one fourth of the plastics used in the United States. Other nations are catching up: China's emerging packaging industry quadrupled sales in the eighties.

Buy in bulk to reduce packaging and save money and trips to the store.

BETTER: Have your address removed from the mail lists used by direct marketing companies.

The Direct Marketing Association operated phone and mail preference services that allow consumers to have their names deleted from lists for future marketing efforts. Having your address removed will reduce the amount of unwanted mail you receive by up to 75%. To your address and phone number removed, write:

Mail Preference Service Direct Marketing Association P.O. Box 9008 Farmingdale, NY 11735-9008

Telephone Preference Service Direct Marketing Association P.O. Box 9014 Farmingdale, NY 11735-9014

BEST: Rethink purchases

Purchasing less means having to get rid of less. The next time you go shopping, ask yourself the following questions:

- Do I really need this item or can I get by without it?

- Is it made from renewable or nonrenewable resources?

- Is it made from recycled materials and is it recyclable?

- How long will it last and how will I dispose of it?

- Can it be maintained and repaired?

- Could I borrow, rent or buy it used?

Cleaning

The evaporation of commercial and consumer solvents contribute 500,000 tons (226 million kgs) of toxic chemicals into our air every year.

GOOD: When buying cleaning products, try to make sure products are 100 percent natural, biodegradable, and vegetable oil-based, and do not contain phosphates, chlorine, dyes or scents.

BETTER: Use water-based paints, stains and varnishes.

BEST: Avoid dry cleaning. Dry cleaning establishments emit an additional 90,000 tons (40 million kgs) of toxic compounds into the air each year and the main chemical compound, called Perc, is extremely carcinogenic.

Try not to buy new clothes that require dry cleaning.

Hand wash delicate fabrics instead of dry cleaning them.

Look for a "wet cleaning" facility in your area. These businesses use a new technology to clean your clothes without damaging the fabrics.

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POLITICAL ACTION

People can significantly reduce the environmental impact of consumption by simply consuming more wisely, but can sometimes be limited in the choices available or because the market makes environmentally sound options unattractive. Government can and should help expand the choices available, make responsible behavior appealing and positively influence the behavior of companies. Anyone can help improve the policies of local, state and the federal governments by keeping informed of what government is doing for the environment, voting for candidates who will push for environmental improvement, writing to elected officials to express your views, and encouraging others to get involved. It may not be the most exciting thing, but if just a small fraction of people were to work to influence government policy, it would make a dramatic difference. Here are some areas to focus on:

End industry subsidies and tax credits (CLIP)

Provide tax incentives to encourage environmentally beneficial behavior (CLIP)

Continue to set standards for efficiency (CLIP)

Certify and label (CLIP - Unfortunately there is not enough room left in this compilation to include these 4 detailed segments. Their very comprehensive Business section had to be left out too. Go at http://www.oneearth.org to get the whole enchilada!)

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HELPFUL SITES

Students:

Generation Earth
http://www.generationearth.com

Energy:

The Alliance to Save Energy
http://www.ase.org

Energy Star
http://www.energystar.gov

Greenlights
http://www.epa.gov/greenlights.html

The Residential Energy Efficiency Database
http://www.its-canada.com/reed/index.htm

Consumption:

Betterworld
http://www.betterworld.com

Affluenza
http://www.pbs.org/kcts/affluenza

Global Caretaker
http://www.globalstewards.org

Adbusters
http://www.adbusters.org

Center for a New America Dream
http://www.newdream.org

New Road Map Foundation
http://www.slnet.com/cip/nrm

Future Net
http://www.futurenet.org

Overcoming Consumerism
http://www.hooked.net/users/verdant/index.htm

Simple Living:

Seeds of Simplicity
http://slnet.com/cip/seeds/default.htm

Frugal Living
http://www.econet.org/frugal

The Simple Living Network
http://www.slnet.com

Food:

Mother and Others
http://www.mothers.org

Pesticide Action Network
http://www.panna.org/panna
General:

World Resources Institute
http://www.wri.org

Natural Resources Defense Council
http://www.nrdc.org

World Watch
http://www.worldwatch.org

E Magazine
http://www.emagazine.com

Northwest Environment Watch
http://www.northwestwatch.org

One World
http://www.oneworld.org

Co-Op America
http://www.coopamerica.org

Co-Op America Greenpages
http://www.greenpages.org

20/20 Vision
http://www.2020vision.org

Info on corporate polluters
http://www.essential.org/monitor/monitor.html

Certified Products
http://www.certifiedproducts.org

Certified Wood
http://www.certifiedwood.org

Population:

Population Action International
http://www.populationaction.org

Zero Population Growth
http://www.zpg.org

Business:

Green Business Journal
http://www.greenbiz.com

Businesses for Social Responsibility
http://www.bsr.org







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