November 2, 2002
Miscellaneous Subjects #159: Pivotal US Elections
After 2 days off the computer, here is (in part!) what got my attention, just 4 days before the US mid-term elections. Did you know that in the last mid-term elections, the level of participation from eligible voters was only 38%?... Quite astounding for a country promoting democracy around the world. This time around, quite a lot once again hinges on those disillusioned American voters.
Let us pray they'll make the best choices...
Earth Rainbow Network Coordinator
"Wherever Western man went and goes, slavery, robbery, lawlessness, culture-wrecking, and the outright extermination of both wild beasts and tame men accompany him."
- Lewis Mumford, Myths of the Machine: The Pentagon of Power, 1970
"I really try to never do anything I don't believe in, so I don't want to change it now. I really don't."
-- The late Paul Wellstone in an interview with CNN on the eve of his Senate vote against the Bush war resolution.
1. Unprecedented - A new film documenting the rape of democracy
2. Did an electromagnetic device crash the plane of Wellstone?
3. The Election Results: Which News Story Would You Prefer to Read on Nov. 6th?
4. In the 2002 Election, The Issue is Unchecked Power
5. INSIGHT: BUSH BETRAYS TAIWAN - WWIII SET UP
6. US Weapons Secrets Exposed
7. CHEMTRAIL HALL OF SHAME
8. Moral Dilemma
Call to Action! - Organize, Fight, and Win for Paul Wellstone!
Paul was rightly characterized by Tom Harkin as the "Soul" of the Senate. We must not let Paul's fight die in the ruins of that plane crash.
Maintaining Lower-Case Democracy (November 1, 2002)
Like many progressive Americans, we were distraught when we learned of Sen. Paul Wellstone's sudden death in a plane crash on Friday. It was, as many have observed, like losing a member of one's extended family. However, while the Senator certainly would have been flattered by the outpouring of grief in his name over the past few days, his life and his works make it clear that he would have wanted his memory to endure not as eulogies but as political action. The coming week is a crucial moment in this country's history for just such action. Simply put: Any future checks and balances on Bush's extremism rest in the Democrats holding the Senate and winning majority control of the House. (And if it can at all be helped -- keeping one's eye on 2004 -- booting Jeb Bush from the Florida governor's chair.)
Gore Vidal claims 'Bush junta' complicit in 9/11 (October 27, 2002)
America's most controversial novelist calls for an investigation into whether the Bush administration deliberately allowed the terrorist attacks to happen. (...) At the heart of the essay are questions about the events of 9/11 itself and the two hours after the planes were hijacked. Vidal writes that 'astonished military experts cannot fathom why the government's "automatic standard order of procedure in the event of a hijacking" was not followed'. These procedures, says Vidal, determine that fighter planes should automatically be sent aloft as soon as a plane has deviated from its flight plan. Presidential authority is not required until a plane is to be shot down. But, on 11 September, no decision to start launching planes was taken until 9.40am, eighty minutes after air controllers first knew that Flight 11 had been hijacked and fifty minutes after the first plane had struck the North Tower. 'By law, the fighters should have been up at around 8.15. If they had, all the hijacked planes might have been diverted and shot down.' (...) Vidal, 77, and internationally renowned for his award-winning novels and plays, has long been a ferocious, and often isolated, critic of the Bush administration at home and abroad. He now lives in Italy. In Vidal's most recent book, The Last Empire, he argued that 'Americans have no idea of the extent of their government's mischief ... the number of military strikes we have made unprovoked, against other countries, since 1947 is more than 250.'
The Enemy Within (Oct 27, 2002)
This is the Actual Full Text of the article by Gore Vidal from The Observer (as mentioned above)
CIA Concerned US War on Terror is Missing Root Causes (Agence France Presse - October 29)
The US Central Intelligence Agency has warned that US counterterrorist operations around the world may not eliminate the threat of future attacks because they fail to address the root causes of terrorism, according to new documents.
10 Reason Why Jeb Bush MUST NOT Be Reelected
Jeb Bush's Secret Weapon (By Greg Palast - Nov. 1, 2002)
94,000 people on a voter "purge" list -- half of them African-American -- continue to be banned from voting in Florida, even though the state knows the list is wildly inaccurate.
Assassinations, phony wars, cooked polls, corporate crooks and stolen elections
The 3 articles above were recommended by Larry Morningstar <email@example.com> and taken from his Socio-Political Report. Subscription upon request to him.
A new film documenting the rape of democracy - Lest we get over it.
Shown Tuesday, October 22, 2002, in midtown Manhattan
I have had a rotten feeling in my bones since I first saw a press photo of George W. Bush in July 1999. That feeling has expanded to encompass the worlds this miscreant has polluted since he illegally took over the White House in December 2000. Two years later, mainland civilian America has been attacked for the first time since 1812 - if civilians were wounded even then. The ethics of the corporate world are in worse condition than the World Trade Center, as is the domestic economy and, by contagion, the global economy. Democracy is being drained out of this country like blood by a vampire. So I have to laugh when George W. Bush speaks of spreading democracy to the Middle East when he is draining it here. What he plans there is not regime change nor even war, but its ancient corollary, plunder and pillage.
Forwarded by "Georgia Pearson" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Did an electromagnetic device crash the plane of Wellstone?
Carnahan, JFK Jr.?
Oct 29, 2002
I'm looking into the use of electromagnetic pulse (EMP) devices in crashing planes and more "coincidental" similarities between the "accidents" involving Wellstone in 2002, Carnahan in 2000, and JFK Jr. in 1999.
All those "accidents" involved planes already descending towards their landing that suddenly wandered off their approach paths and crashed. In all three cases, radio contact appears to have been cut off while the planes were still in the air, possibly indicating electrical failures on board.
One way to sabotage a landing airplane would be to use a focused electromagnetic pulse (EMP) device. These machines are already being manufactured and marketed to law enforcement agencies to stop fleeing vehicles. In fact, here is a link to a US Dept. of Justice document describing these devices:
Theoretically, a person a few miles from the runway could bombard the aircraft with an intense electromagnetic pulse, which could cause an electrical failure, instantly knock out radio communication, disrupt normal engine ignition, and cause loss of steering control. The steering control surfaces on these airplanes are controlled by individual electrical actuators that are mechanically linked to the rudder, ailerons, and flaps.
This type of sabotage would leave no physical evidence on the aircraft, although it's possible that people at the airport or in the general vicinity might have noticed electrical anomalies like radio noises, a crashed computer, telephone disruption, and so on. Who knows, there might even be an eyewitness, someone on the ground or in an air traffic control tower, who noticed that the aircraft's engines went silent or saw the plane careen off course.
That's why we need to get this information out. Did anyone out there who might have witnessed these three crashes see anything out-of-the-ordinary right before the "accidents" like computer crashes and intense phone static? Did anyone suddenly see those planes go off course, as if they were electromagnetically "hit?"
Many say these are mere coincidences. Maybe so. I hope so because if they weren't coincidences that means our government or some powerful forces behind it is in the business of assassination. But my hunch says I'm on to something. People still try to tell me Oswald acted alone in killing JFK. But that's largely been proven false.
Others tell me there is no use in pursuing such questions, that nothing will bring these leaders back. Maybe so, but perhaps by exposing the truth, we can prevent more leaders from dying in such "accidents." Perhaps we can expose the powerful forces who might resort to assassination to increase their power and bring them to justice, or cause them to destroy themselves, as their own consciences catch up with them [that is, if they have consciences]. In my 24 years as a journalist, writer and activist, I have tried to hold fast to at least this one conviction: a sincere search for the truth is always worth the effort. Is that not what our country, our republic, should be about?
Sure, we should move forward with focusing on the Nov. 5 election and trying to oust any Bush-supporting politician we can. We should support Wellstone's Democratic replacement, altho it's difficult to see anyone replacing him.
But these questions persist. Feel free to forward this and thanks for your help.
Will keep you posted,
24 Oct-30 Oct 2002
SEN. WELLSTONE KILLED IN PLANE CRASH
U.S. Sen. Paul Wellstone (D-Minn.) was killed last Friday along with seven others in a plane crash in northern Minnesota. Wellstone, 58, was one of the most outspoken liberals in Congress; he opposed the use of force in Iraq and was a longtime ally to environmentalists, earning a near-perfect 96 percent lifetime score from the Washington, D.C.-based League of Conservation Voters. Wellstone's wife and daughter were also killed in the crash, along with several of his aides. At the time of his death, the senator was facing a tough reelection battle against Republican challenger Norm Coleman, who was handpicked to run by the Bush White House; the race could have determined control of the Senate. The staff of Grist is saddened by the deaths and extends its deepest sympathy to the Wellstones' loved ones.
Minneapolis Star Tribune, 24 Oct 2002
Wellstone's death rocks Minnesota
"Paul Wellstone was one of a kind. He was a man of principle and conviction, in a world that has too little of either. He was dedicated to helping the little guy, in a business dominated by the big guys. We who had the privilege of working with him hope that he will be remembered as he lived every day: as a champion for people."
- Taken from http://www.wellstone.org
To carry on Paul's legacy and participate in this election, please visit http://www.votedfl.org
Was Paul Wellstone Murdered? (October 28)
For our government to maintain its credibility, we need an open and acccountable independent investigation into the death of Paul Wellstone.
The Election Results: Which News Story Would You Prefer to Read on Nov. 6th?
By Bernard Weiner
October 24, 2002
The upcoming midterm election is, at the time of this writing, too close to call. One day, it looks good for the Democrats to retake the House and keep the Senate; the next day, there seems to be a surge for the GOP, with the Republicans set to hang onto the House and retake the Senate. What's an editor to plan for on Election Night?
See how you react to the following alternative stories about the election results. And act accordingly. Your actions, donations, and volunteer efforts during the next week or so will help determine which version of the post-election stories below you'll be reading on November 6.
Dems Eke Out Victory in House, Senate
(Associated Press) Washington, D.C. -- The Bush Administration sufferred a major political defeat in yesterday's mid-term election, as the Democrats narrowly edged-out the Republicans in enough House and Senate races to take control of the Congress.
"The Founders of our country, having suffered under King George, wisely chose to build checks-and-balances into our system of government," said Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle "They never again wanted any leader, or branch of government, to have that much power. And now, the citizens of our great country likewise have decided not to give another George too much power, but to distribute it as a check and balance. I congratulate them for their wisdom."
Had the GOP held onto the House, and retaken the Senate, the Bush Administration essentially would have controlled all three branches of the government.
Sources inside the White House, who choose to remain anonymous, report that Mr. Bush and his closest associates are furious at the election defeat, and blame "lying Democrats," "the media," and those who "distorted our message of peace through power." Apparently, their foreign and military policy initiatives are on hold, along with plans to repeal Roe v. Wade, and to nominate more far-right justices of the Supreme Court and numerous appelate judges.
"Since the Bush forces already control most of the major, conglomerate-owned media," said the incoming new Speaker of the House, Dick Gephardt, "Mr. Bush, had his forces taken the Congress, basically would have had all the reins of power in his hands. The damage he and his right-wing cohorts could have done would have been immeasurable.
"It's plain that the American people want us to serve as a brake on the more outrageous bills and nominations put forward by the Bush Administration, and to move toward a more reasonable agenda in the country. That agenda would emphasize working with the world community instead of going off on our own, and would concentrate more on domestic issues such as stablizing and growing our economy, health care, Social Security/Medicare reforms, prescription drugs for the elderly, education, environmental protection, and so on," said Gephardt.
James Carville, Democratic consultant and former Clinton aide, put it more bluntly: "The arrogant Bush stallion has just been gelded. This is the beginning of the end for Bush&Co. arrogance, dirty tricks, unilateralism in foreign affairs, imperial adventures abroad, giveaways to the rich and corporations, environmental destruction. Our next step is taking back the White House in 2004."
GOP Ekes Out Victories in House, Senate
(Associated Press) Washington, D.C. -- The Republican Party narrowly regained control of the Senate and held onto the House in yesterday's midterm elections, thus assuring the Bush Administration total control of the Congress for at least the next two years.
"The citizens have seen through the Democrat lies and distortions of our record," said a jubilant Karl Rove, chief policy adviser to Mr. Bush. "Now we have a re-affirmed mandate to carry on our programs at home and abroad. And we will move swifly in the Congress to push our bills through, to get more strict-constructionist judges into place, and to continue our course abroad, forcefully asserting democracy and freedom around the globe."
Pat Robertson, a leader of the Christian Right, could barely contain his glee: "Now we're finally free to do God's work: to nominate more God-fearing judges who will overturn Roe v. Wade, to permit more freedom for churches to act in concert with the government, to make permanent the tax cut to our friends and supportive corporations, to give more police powers to the homeland-security forces, and to move toward Armageddon in Iraq and the Middle East, with true Christians surviving to usher in the return of Christ."
Richard Perle, influential national-security advisor, suggested that "Iraq might be just the first country" to fall to America's war aims, with Iran, Syria, Yemen and others to follow, along with North Korea, which has admitted having a secret nuclear program. Perle dismissed as "wimpy" fears by some critics of the U.S. being engaged in one war after another, or even several at the same time.
Tom Daschle, the outgoing Senate Majority Leader, was distraught. "We thought the American people would see through lies and dangers inherent in the Bush program, at home and abroad. But in a few key races that tipped the balance, the Administration pulled out all the stops, with loads of money thrown in at the last minute for deceptive ads, dirty tricks and so on. I'm afraid we're in for a rough ride the next two years."
Daschle refused to comment on the rumor circulating around the Capitol, that up to three GOP senators are considering "doing a Jeffords" -- that is, resigning from the GOP caucus and joining the Democrats on key votes and organization of the Senate. That would keep Daschle as Majority Leader, and the Democrats in control of the Senate, and thus able to block some of the Bush Administration's more controversial bills and judicial nominees.
If that doesn't happen, said outgoing House Minority Leader Dick Gephardt, "the U.S. is headed for one economic and foreign-policy disaster after another."
Bernard Weiner, Ph.D., is co-editor of an about-to-be-launched political website, CrisisPapers.org. He was with the San Francisco Chronicle for nearly 20 years, and has taught American government and international relations at Western Washington University and San Diego State University.
In the 2002 Election, The Issue is Unchecked Power
October 9, 2002
Is this the most important election in US history?
With his TV talk of war, George W. Bush has blown smoke over what's really at stake today: the future of democracy. Not in Iraq; here in the United States.
Never in US history have we ever been closer to an unchecked one man one party rule than right now. And as the world's sole military super-power, we have made the crisis truly global.
The reality is simple: the right wing of the Republican Party controls three of the four branches of government, and is just a single vote away from taking the fourth. The Executive, the Judiciary, the media and the House of Representatives are all in Republican hands. The Senate teeters on the edge. And the USA Patriot Act, passed in the wake of September 11, has obliterated most of the Constitutional guarantees that made this country a democracy in the first place.
Should Congress go Republican in November, there will be no institutional check or balance left to guarantee that the democracy born here two centuries ago will survive.
First, the Republicans control the Executive Branch, which it took with the first losing candidate in 120 years. Defeated in a popular election by more than 500,000 votes, with many more not properly counted, the administration is firing away with an aggressive far right agenda that's kept the opposition off balance.
Second, the Republicans control the Judicial Branch, which formally installed Bush into the Presidency, and which is currently dominated by right wing appointees---many for life---dating back to the Nixon Era.
Third, the Republicans control the "fourth branch of government." Virtually all major US media is now owned by six corporations. With precious few exceptions, there is no serious debate on the core issues that define American life, and no mainstream coverage of the movements for peace, social justice, environmental, labor, or minority rights to balance the constant blare of right wing pundits.
All that remains in play---barely----is the Congress. The U.S. House is firmly in control of the Republican Right. The minority Democratic opposition is feeble, without strong leadership or direction.
Thanks to the defection of Jim Jeffords of Vermont, the Democrats hold a one vote majority in the U.S. Senate. And that's all that now keeps the Republican far right from total and unchecked control of every branch of the United States government.
To this lethal mix has been added the USA PATRIOT Act, approved after September 11, virtually obliterating the once-sacred guarantees of the Bill of Rights. Put simply: the Executive Branch now has the power to arbitrarily brand anyone a "terrorist" with no tangible evidence, and to have that person imprisoned without formal indictment, access to a lawyer or even public notification. Hundreds of unnamed alleged terrorists are thus being held indefinitely in Cuba and perhaps elsewhere with no recourse. If unchecked, such openly contemptuous disregard for the human rights guaranteed in the U.S. Constitution will inevitably spread like a cancer to the core of American liberty and dissent.
The structure of our basic rights is as tenuous under George W. Bush as under many of the third world dictators installed by his father when he was head of the CIA.
Any shreds of counter-balance left in the system will disappear if the Republicans keep control of the US House and retake the Senate.
Globally, that extends to a Bush Doctrine touting the "right" to intervene in any country, and remove any ruler it does not like, regardless of national sovereignty or international law.
The timing of Bush's latest rhetorical escalation has nothing to do with Iraq. Saddam Hussein is only the latest American-installed enemy of convenience.
This anti-Iraq hysteria is about an aggressive, unelected US regime aiming to to complete the coup d'etat it began two years ago.
America's domestic economy is shattered, its stock market in free fall. Unresolved multi-billion-dollar scandals still taint Bush from Harken Energy and Vice President Dick Cheney from Halliburton. Under this regime, joblessness has skyrocketed and the quality of life has plunged.
The Bush remedy has been tax breaks for the rich and relentless assaults on organized labor, gays rights, women's rights, minority rights and the natural environment. His foreign policy has been to trash international treaties on atomic testing, missile defense, global warming, international justice and more.
Bush's latest war talk admits to no human or financial cost. He and most of his cabinet are chickenhawks who avoided service in Vietnam. They are selling a video game war in which Saddam Hussein magically disappears with no American bloodshed, no crying widows, parents or orphans. The American veterans suffering from Gulf War I don't exist. Nor does the chaos in Afghanistan left after removing the Taliban and failing to find Osama Bin Laden.
A real war against this particular Saddam Hussein could cost $100 to $200 billion the current US economy can't afford. It could destabilize global oil supplies and infuriate much of the muslim world, 1.2 billion strong. The real costs could include skyrocketing oil prices, economic collapse, and terrorism escalated beyond our wildest nightmares, with the final demise of liberty and peace.
The Republicans are running out the clock on the November election. They are winning their bet against Democrats too timid to oppose a war that has no clothes, and a declaration of global empire with no legs. After that comes an endless procession of Orwellian enemies, conjured at will, a permanent pretext for martial law.
The Harken-Halliburton attack on Iraq is Stage Two of the coup d'etat that began with the installation of an unelected president. It could be completed November 5 with the final capture of the House and Senate.
If that happens, Saddam Hussein will be the least of our worries.
Date: Sun, 27 Oct 2002
From: Christopher Ruby <email@example.com>
Subject: INSIGHT: BUSH BETRAYS TAIWAN - WWIII SET UP
PRESIDENT BUSH ABANDONS FREEDOM ALLY TAIWAN
NOTE: This is serious folks! We're seeing the exact same set up with Taiwan and China for WWIII by the same oligarchy of superrich families who set up of WWII. It's the same big business/big government collusion that always buys off "our" representatives via corporate lobbyists who are in the ears of our reps 365 days of the year... while we get to vote for the lesser of two evils once every four years... with the lesser evil turning out to be just as evil (paid off) as the greater one. I suggest a reality check by all keepers of the frequency of divine love... to look seriously at the prophecy of George Washington at Valley Force regarding the 3rd Great Peril (at http://www.heartcom.org/3rdperil.htm). If there is not enough good people waking up past fear unto FAITH in the laws and language of divine love in heart and mind... then by default, we will be subject to the lesser gods of materialistic and hedonistic worth-ship who are evil and vengeful rather than loving and merciful... and would make everyone as miserable as they are. The REAL "enemy within the gates" is the "e-veil" enemy (divide-to-conquer sense of separation from God-Love) in the hearts and minds of mankind. The marriage of the heart of love (http://www.heartcom.org/vision1.htm) and mind of G.O.D. within is the beginning of the marriage of heaven and earth without. Seek ye first the KINGdom Consciousness whereby all (om), are KING with the Keys to the INcarnation of G.O.D. (Geometry Of Divine order)... then all else of virtue shall be added.
Without LOVE-centric Vision, the people perish.
"...somebody has to take governments' place, and business seems to me to be a logical entity to do it."
- David Rockefeller, "Chairman of the Board of the World"; New World Order godfather Feb 1, 1999 in Newsweek
Factoid: The same McDonald-Douglas manufacturer who sold the best aircraft engines in the world to the Japanese for their "Zeroes", that attacked Pearl Harbor, has recently supplied the Red Chinese with the cruise missile engines that could be used to attack Taiwan... like Hitler's siege of London with "buzz bombs", the forerunner of the cruise missile.
Bush Says He Does Not Support Independence For Taiwan
10-25-2 CRAWFORD, Texas (Reuters) - President Bush said on Friday the United States would use its influence to ensure China and Taiwan settle their differences peacefully and promised to make it clear to Taipei that Washington does not support independence.
In a news conference with Chinese President Jiang Zemin, Bush said the United States stood by the "one China" policy, which acknowledges that Chinese on both sides of the Taiwan Strait maintain there is only one China and that Taiwan is part of China.
"The 'one China' policy means that the issue ought to be resolved peacefully," Bush said.
"We've got influence with some in the region. We intend to make sure that the issue is resolved peacefully, and that includes making it clear that we do not support independence," Bush added.
Taiwan's president, Chen Shui-bian, has voiced support for a referendum on formal independence from China.
The move outraged Beijing, which views the island as a renegade province and a linchpin in Sino-U.S. relations.
Beijing had hoped Bush would repeat a pledge not to back independence for Taiwan, which China says must eventually be reunified with the mainland, by force if necessary.
Nationalists headed by Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan in 1949 after losing a civil war to Mao Zedong's communists. Washington shifted diplomatic recognition to Beijing in 1979.
But the United States has offered Taiwan the biggest arms package in a decade and Bush has pledged to do "whatever it takes" to help the democratically governed island protect itself.
Bush did not repeat that pledge at Friday's news conference.
But during a visit to China earlier this year, he said, "When my country makes an agreement, we stick with it, and there is (something) called the Taiwan Relations Act and I honor that act, which says we will help Taiwan defend herself if provoked."
China says it is seriously concerned about the U.S. warming to Taiwan under Bush and has called on Washington to halt military contacts and arms sales to the island.
US Weapons Secrets Exposed (29 October, 2002)
Julian Borger in Washington
Respected scientists on both sides of the Atlantic warned yesterday that the US is developing a new generation of weapons that undermine and possibly violate international treaties on biological and chemical warfare.
The scientists, specialists in bio-warfare and chemical weapons, say the Pentagon, with the help of the British military, is also working on "non-lethal" weapons similar to the narcotic gas used by Russian forces to end last week's siege in Moscow.
They also point to the paradox of the US developing such weapons at a time when it is proposing military action against Iraq on the grounds that Saddam Hussein is breaking international treaties.
Malcolm Dando, professor of international security at the University of Bradford, and Mark Wheelis, a lecturer in microbiology at the University of California, say that the US is encouraging a breakdown in arms control by its research into biological cluster bombs, anthrax and non-lethal weapons for use against hostile crowds, and by the secrecy under which these programmes are being conducted.
"There can be disagreement over whether what the United States is doing represents violations of treaties," Mr Wheelis told the Guardian. "But what is happening is at least so close to the borderline as to be destabilising."
In a paper to be published soon in the scientific journal Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, the two academics focus on recent US actions that have served to undermine the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention. In a move that stunned the international community last July, the US blocked an attempt to give the convention some teeth with inspections, so that member countries could check if others were keeping the agreement.
Mr Dando believes Washington's motive for torpedoing the deal, which had the support of its allies, was to maintain secrecy over US research work on biological weapons.
Sent by Sh0shanna@aol.com last 18 Sep 2002
CHEMTRAIL HALL OF SHAME
Documenting Illegal Spraying Operations above the Pacific Northwest Feature Abstract: 2002 Chemtrails Over America The most comprehensive research report on Chemtrails and the military applications to date.
This report differs from most research on Chemtrails because of the credentials of the sources and the extent of the research. If you are unaware of this blatant disregard for the atmosphere and biosphere.... then this synopsis is a real eye-opener. Read how our leaders insist on playing GOD, without permission or safeguards.
Forwarded by "Leonard" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
I have a moral question for you. This is an imaginary situation, but I think it is fun to decide what one would do.
The situation: You are in the Midwest, and there is a huge flood in progress. Many homes have been lost, water supplies compromised and infrastructures destroyed.
Let's say that you're a photographer out getting still photos for a news service, traveling alone, looking for particularly poignant scenes.
You come across George W Bush who has been swept away by the floodwaters. He is barely hanging on to a tree limb and is about to go under.
You can either put down your camera and save him, or take a Pulitzer Prize winning photograph of him as he loses his grip on the limb. So, here's the question and think carefully before you answer the question below:
What film speed would you use?