Meditation Focus #71
Preventing a New Gulf War
and Shifting The Focus Towards Peace
What follows is the 71th Meditation Focus suggested for the two consecutive weeks beginning Sunday, September 8, 2002.
Preventing a New Gulf War and Shifting The Focus Towards Peace
2. Meditation times
3. More information on this Meditation Focus
As we approach the first anniversary of a tragic event that has left deep emotional traumas in so many humans and after a military campaign that has tried to eradicate from Afghanistan those allegedly responsible for this catastrophe, the country that has taken upon itself to lead an international coalition to root out terrorists wherever they may be is now facing the difficult task of convincing an increasingly skeptical international community that one of his old foes, Saddam Hussein, is up to ill intents and is feverishly striving to acquire some of the most devastating and lethal weapons ever designed, and the means to deliver them, so as to avenge the devastation visited upon his country during the 1991 Gulf War. Whether this threat is real and imminent remains to be proven - according to Scott Ritter, a UN weapons inspector in Iraq for six years, as of December 1998 when inspectors with the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) were pulled from Iraq prior to a heavy four-day U.S. bombing campaign, 95% of Iraq's nuclear, biological and chemical weapons had been destroyed and the crippling trade embargo imposed upon Iraq since 1991 by the U.N. has certainly greatly hampered any possible re-armament effort - but so far this has not stopped the hyping of this threat by hawkish elements within the U.S. administration bent on even going it alone to "finish the job" left undone in 1991 and effect a "regime change". The military planning and armament build up around Iraq is already at an advanced stage of readiness and the drums of war are beating louder every day for what is portrayed to be an all-out military assault reminiscent of the carnage that left over 200,000 Iraqi people dead (according to former U.S. Navy Secretary John Lehman), including up to 3,000 civilians (according to the Human Rights Watch organization) in the first Gulf War, and with consequences that could reap apart the fragile political balance of the Middle East and potentially bring about calamitous destruction for millions of innocent people. Actually, it can also be argued that this war has already begun just a couple days ago when 100 British and United States war planes attacked an air defence base in western Iraq, apparently to allow easy access for special forces helicopters to fly into Iraq to hunt down Scud missiles before a possible war within the next few months.
It is worth mentioning also that according to reliable estimates by the UNICEF, well over a million Iraqis, including some 500,000 children, have died as a result of the U.S-led sanctions regime in place for the last decade (a regime that has been described as the most draconian and prolonged economic sanctions ever imposed by the United Nations), while an estimated 5,000 to 6,000 children still die every month from various preventable, sanctions-related diseases, a situation which led in September 1998 to the resignation of Denis Halliday, as head of the UN humanitarian programme in Iraq, in protest against the morally indefensible consequences of UN policy towards Iraq. In February 2000, his successor, Hans von Sponeck, also resigned and both have since campaigned for the lifting of sanctions on Iraq. "Smart Bombs" dropped by the U.S. 11 years ago targeted water treatment plants, sewage treatment plants, power plants, schools and hospitals. As a result the overall deterioration in the quality and quantity of drinking water has contributed to the rapid spread of infectious disease. Raw sewage often flows into streets and homes. [World Food Program] One-fourth of Iraqi children under the age of five are malnourished. [UN Report, March 1999] There has been a 160 percent rise in Iraq's infant mortality rate since 1991. Iraq has the highest increase in child mortality during the period 1990-99 of 188 countries surveyed. [UNICEF, December 2000] As many as 70 percent of Iraqi women suffer from anemia as Iraq experienced a shift from relative affluence to massive poverty. [UN Report, March 1999]
Please dedicate your prayers and meditations, as guided by Spirit, in the coming two weeks, and especially in synchronous attunement at the usual time for the next 2 Sundays, starting at 16:00 Universal Time (GMT), to contribute in preventing the onset of another terrible war in the Middle East through envisioning a positive, non-violent solution to the risks posed by all modern weapons capable of inflicting massive death, such as can be fostered by concerted actions by and humanitarian assistance from the international community of all peace-loving nations. A special focus of attention and peace-nurturing vibrations should be directed at the military establishment of both the United States and England so as to anchor the conscious will to question immoral policies and thus deny politicians the use of military might towards inconsiderate ends. Likewise, similar vibrations should be directed towards facilitating greater political accountability in Iraq and more responsible and open stances so as to help alleviate the fears of those who believe this country is planning violent agression towards anyone or any other country. Finally, in so doing we shall be assisting all the benevolent forces here on Earth and in the invisible realms that are striving to shift the global balance of energies towards the emergence of a world at peace where everyone will aspire to serve each other, to love each other and to Be living, shining examples of goodness and compassion, for the Highest Good of All.
This entire Meditation Focus is also available at http://www.aei.ca/~cep/MeditationFocus71.htm
2. Meditation Times
i) Sunday at 16:00 Universal Time (GMT) or at noon local time. Suggested duration: 30 minutes with a special Earth Healing Focus in the last few minutes.
ii) Daily, at the top of any hour, or whenever it better suits you.
These times below are currently corresponding to 16:00 Universal Time/GMT: Honolulu 06:00 -- Los Angeles 09:00 -- Denver & San Salvador 10:00 -- Mexico City, Houston & Chicago 11:00 -- New York, Toronto, Montreal, Asuncion & Santiago 12:00 -- Rio de Janeiro & Montevideo 13:00 -- Reykjavik & Casablanca 16:00 -- London, Algiers & Lagos 17:00 -- Geneva, Rome, Berlin, Paris, Johannesburg & Madrid 18:00 -- Athens, Helsinki, Jerusalem, Nairobi & Istanbul 19:00 -- Moscow & Baghdad 20:00 -- Tehran 20:30 -- Islamabad 21:00 -- Calcutta & New Delhi 21:30 -- Dhaka 22:00 -- Rangoon 22:30 -- Hanoi, Bangkok & Jakarta 23:00 -- Hong Kong, Perth, Beijing & Kuala Lumpur 00:00+ -- Seoul & Tokyo 01:00+ -- Brisbane, Canberra & Melbourne 02:00+ -- Wellington 04:00+
(+ means the place is one day ahead of Universal Time/Greenwich Mean Time)
3. More information on this Meditation Focus
This complement of information may help you to better understand the various aspects pertaining to the summary description of the subject of this Meditation Focus. It is recommended to view this information from a positive perspective, and not allow the details to tinge the positive vision we wish to hold in meditation. Since what we focus on grows, the more positive our mindset, the more successful we will be in manifesting a vision of peace and healing. This complementary information is provided so that a greater knowledge of what needs healing and peace-nurturing vibrations may assist us to have an in-depth understanding of what is at stake and thus achieve a greater collective effectiveness.
See also these relevant compilations:
Media Compilation #85: Setting The Record Straight --- Posted on September 4 and archived at http://www.cybernaute.com/earthconcert2000/Archives2002/MediaCompilation85.htm
Miscellaneous Subjects #153: Oily Deceit --- Posted on September 6 and archived at http://www.cybernaute.com/earthconcert2000/Archives2002/MiscelSubjects153.htm --- see especially "The Real Goal is the Seizure of Saudi Oil: Iraq is no threat. Bush wants war to keep US control of the region" as well as "The Troubling New Face of America" by Jimmy Carter.
The Light Series #31: Dispelling Fear and Boldly Nurturing Hope and Love --- Posted on September 7 and archived at http://www.cybernaute.com/earthconcert2000/Archives2002/LightSeries31.htm
Friday, 6 September, 2002
Analysis: Is Iraq rearming? Weapons inspectors did restrict Iraq's weapons programme
By Paul Reynolds BBC News Online world affairs correspondent
The British Government is preparing its dossier outlining Iraq's efforts to rebuild its weapons of mass destruction.
Other published information is ambiguous about the extent to which Iraq has managed to overcome years of sanctions and destruction by UN weapons inspectors.
But, according to most assessments, there is no doubt that it is trying.
Under UN Security Council Resolution 687, Iraq is not permitted to have chemical, biological and nuclear weapons, and missiles with a range greater than 150km.
It faces a dual problem if it seeks to defy the UN. One is to develop the weapons. The other is to deliver them.
From a variety of sources, these are the general assessments of the state of play:
Iraq's biggest problem is in getting hold of the fissile material needed to make a nuclear bomb. This would probably have to come from the black market or a rogue government. The British Government published a document in 1998 saying that had it not been for the Gulf War Saddam Hussein would have had the bomb by 1993. It said he could build a "crude air-delivered nuclear device in about five years" if he got the right equipment and material from abroad.
The US Defense Department said in 2001 that "Iraq would need five or more years and key foreign assistance" to enrich enough uranium for a device. German intelligence said in 2001 that it could take between three and six years.
However, a new assessment from the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington concludes: "If Iraq were to acquire material from another country, it is possible that it could assemble a nuclear weapon in months."
Charles Duelfer of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington and former deputy executive chairman of the UN weapons commission Unscom told a US Senate Committee in February: "While precise estimates of the Iraqi nuclear programme are impossible, what is certain is that Baghdad has the desire, the talent and the resources to build a nuclear weapon given the time to do so."
Iraq has used chemical weapons in battle, both against Iranian troops and against its own population in Halabja. Huge numbers of chemical weapons were destroyed by the UN after the Gulf War. But not all, it seems.
The Carnegie report suggests: "Rough estimates conclude that Iraq may have retained up to 600 metric tonnes of agents, including mustard gas, VX and sarin. Approximately 25,000 rockets and 15,000 artillery shells with chemical agents also remain unaccounted for."
The 1998 British report said that 31,000 munitions and 4000 metric tonnes of precursor chemicals had not been properly accounted for.
As there has been no UN monitoring since 1998, it is impossible to determine exactly how much effort Iraq has put into the further development of chemical weapons but it clearly has the ability to produce them.
In 1996, Unscom destroyed a factory designed to make up to 50,000 litres of anthrax, botulin toxin and other agents a year.
The Institute of International Studies at Monterey in California estimates that Iraq retains the ability to resume production but it is unclear as to whether this has happened.
Until 1995, Saddam Hussein even denied that he had a biological weapons programme but the British government report says that Iraqi production of BW agents had been "clearly understated." Iraq presumably has the ability to produce BW again.
However, some sources question whether Iraq really intended using BW in battle. Charles Duelfer of the CSIS suggested that it might have been keeping them to use secretly against an enemy city "that would be near impossible to connect to Baghdad as the responsible actor."
By 1997, 817 of the 819 Scud rockets Saddam Hussein had were known to have been accounted for. The former UN inspector Scott Ritter has said that Iraq might have salvaged and manufactured enough components to build up a store of between five and 25 missiles.
Overall, it should be added, Mr Ritter does not believe that Saddam Hussein has the ability to rebuild his weapons programme to any significant degree.
The Carnegie assessment quoted an unclassified CIA report to Congress that Iraq "probably retains a small covert force of Scud type missiles."
August 10, 2001
Declassified documents point to US war crimes in Iraq
by Stephen Gowans
The United States is knowingly violating Article 54 of the Geneva Convention which prohibits any country from undermining "objects indispensable to the survival of (another country's) civilian population," including drinking water installations and supplies, says Thomas Nagy, a business professor at George Washington University.
Writing in the September 2001 issue of The Progressive, Nagy cites recently declassified documents that show the United States was aware of the civilian health consequences of destroying Iraq's drinking water and sanitation systems in the Gulf War, and knew that sanctions would prevent the Iraqi government from repairing the degraded facilities.
During the Gulf War, coalition forces bombed Iraq's eight multi-purpose dams, destroying flood control systems, irrigation, municipal and industrial water storage, and hydroelectric power. Major pumping stations were targeted, and municipal water and sewage facilities were destroyed.
Article 54 of the Geneva Convention prohibits attacks on "drinking water installations and supplies and irrigation works."
Nagy says that not only did the United States deliberately destroy drinking water and sanitation facilities, it knew sanctions would prevent Iraq from rebuilding, and that epidemics would ensue.
One document, written soon after the bombing, warned that sanctions would prevent Iraq from importing "water treatment replacement parts and some essential chemicals" leading to "increased incidences, if not epidemics, of disease."
Another document lists the most likely diseases: "diarrheal diseases (particularly children); acute respiratory illnesses (colds and influenza); typhoid; hepatitis A (particularly children); measles, diphtheria, and pertussis (particularly children); meningitis, including meningococcal (particularly children); cholera (possible, but less likely.)"
Then U.S. Navy Secretary John Lehman estimated that 200,000 Iraqis died in the Gulf War, but many more have died since. UNICEF estimates that well over a million Iraqis have died as a result of the U.S-led sanctions regime, in place for the last decade. Some 500,000 children have died, and an estimated 4,000 die from various preventable, sanctions-related diseases, every month, says the U.N. agency.
Despite the massive human toll, the United States continues to support the sanctions regime, arguing that sanctions won't be lifted until U.N. inspectors are free to return to Iraq to verify that the country has rid itself of weapons of mass destruction.
American Scott Ritter, a former U.N. arms inspector, claims that Iraq is effectively disarmed, and has been for some time.
And deaths from sanctions exceed those from weapons of mass destruction. Political scientists John and Karl Mueller say that sanctions have "contributed to more deaths during the post Cold War era than all the weapons of mass destruction throughout history," including deaths at Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
At one point, former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said that despite the civilian deaths the sanctions were "worth it."
Meanwhile, Israel, a U.S. ally in the region, is widely believed to have an arsenal of 200 nuclear weapons. While in violation of countless U.N. Resolutions ordering its withdrawal from the Occupied Territories, Israel faces no sanctions and no order to disarm. Amnesty International, which has warned that Israel's crackdown on the latest Palestinian uprising, or Intifada, borders on war crimes, recently condemned Tel Aviv for its "utter disregard for human life in the Occupied Territories" and for its violations of international law. And yet even calls for intervention as mild as placing international observers in the Occupied Territories have been rebuffed.
The Gulf War erupted after Iraq invaded neighboring Kuwait. After the war, the United Nations imposed sanctions, ordering Iraq to disarm. Iraq's violation of international law in invading its neighbor was cited for the harsh treatment. But critics of the policy say that punishment for violations of international law are being meted out unevenly and hypocritically. Israel's innumerable transgressions go unpunished, while governments that have fallen out with Washington, often over investment or debt repayment issues, are treated severely.
Moreover, say critics, the United States itself has a long track record of violating international law. Washington's undermining of Iraq's water treatment and sanitation facilities in violation of the Geneva Convention is just one of many recent transgressions, including the bombing of Yugoslavia, Sudan, Afghanistan, and the continued bombing of Iraq.
U.S.-led NATO forces also targeted civilian infrastructure in Yugoslavia. At one point, U.S. Air Force General Michael Short explained that NATO's bombing campaign was aimed at causing misery in the civilian population. "If you wake up in the morning," said Short, "and you have no power to your house and no gas to your stove and the bridge you take to work is down and will be lying in the Danube for the next 20 years, I think you begin to ask, 'Hey, Slobo, what's this all about? How much more of this do we have to withstand?'"
NATO forces used depleted uranium munitions in Yugoslavia, as did coalition forces in Iraq. Depleted uranium may be toxic, and may be responsible for an epidemic of cancers and birth defects that have arisen in Iraq over the last decade. Some have charged that Gulf War syndrome, a cluster of mysterious and debilitating illnesses suffered by U.S. and allied soldiers, is related to depleted uranium. Others point to the contamination of soil, water and air by carcinogenic effluent from destroyed industrial facilities and chemical plants as being responsible.
Nagy says that what is most disturbing about the documents is that they reveal a U.S. government concerned more with the potential negative publicity of the deaths, than with the deaths themselves. Dealing with the public relations downside of massive killing is a common theme in U.S. foreign policy. During the Gulf War a bomb that hit a marketplace and killed civilians led CBS News correspondent Dan Rather to remark: "We can be sure that Saddam Hussein will make propaganda of these casualties." Frequent reference is made in the documents Nagy has uncovered to the potential for Iraq to use epidemics for propaganda purposes.
When Nagy sent the documents to the media last fall, only two reporters wrote lengthy articles. One was Felicity Arbuthnot, who wrote in Scotland's The Sunday Herald that the "US-led allied forces deliberately destroyed Iraq's water supply during the Gulf War flagrantly breaking the Geneva Convention and causing thousand of civilian deaths." Despite the seriousness of the allegations, and their being backed up by official documents, the story quickly fizzled.
Mr. Steve Gowans is a writer and political activist who lives in Ottawa, Canada.
Friday, 2 August, 2002
Country profile: Iraq
Iraq under the leadership of Saddam Hussein engaged in two major wars, against Iran in the 1980s and against an American-led alliance in 1991 after it invaded Kuwait. The government stands defiant in the face of international sanctions, which have caused severe hardship for the people but which are unlikely to be lifted until Iraq satisfies United Nations demands over weapons inspections.
OVERVIEW | FACTS | LEADERS | MEDIA
Straddling the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and stretching from the Gulf to the Anti-Taurus Mountains, modern Iraq occupies roughly what was once ancient Mesopotamia, one of the cradles of human civilisation.
In the Middle Ages Iraq was the centre of the Islamic Empire, with Baghdad the cultural and political capital of an area extending from Morocco to the Indian subcontinent. Mongol invasions in the 13th century saw its influence wane, and it played a minor role in the region until independence from British control in 1932.
Following the overthrow of the monarchy in 1958 and a coup in 1968, Iraq became one of the centres of Arab nationalism under the control of the ruling Ba'th (Renaissance) party. Oil made the country rich, and when Saddam Hussein became president in 1979 petroleum made up 95% of its foreign exchange earnings.
But the war with Iran from 1980 to 1988 and the Gulf War in 1991 following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, together with the subsequent imposition of international sanctions, had a devastating effect on its economy and society. In 1991 the UN said Iraq had been reduced to a pre-industrial state, while later reports described living standards as being at subsistence level.
The standoff with the UN continues, with US and British planes patrolling "no-fly zones" in the north and south, while the Kurdish community has broken away and created a semi-autonomous region of its own.
Yahoo Full coverage on Iraq
BBC Full coverage on Iraq
100 jets join attack on Iraq (06/09/2002)
About 100 American and British aircraft took part in an attack on Iraq's major western air defence installation yesterday in the biggest single operation over the country for four years. The raid appeared to be a prelude to the type of special forces operations that would have to begin weeks before a possible American-led war.
Increasing war fears push Brent to year-high
Bush speeds up preparations for war on Iraq (4 September 2002)
Norman Mailer lashes out at self-serving US patriotism
NORMAN Mailer has sounded what he hopes will be a wake-up call for America, warning that the wave of patriotism sweeping the United States as it prepares to go to war with Iraq could swiftly turn into fascism.
Options on Iraq Bush is right to seek congressional approval of military action; the choices need debate. September 6, 2002
NEEDLESS DEATHS IN THE 1991 GULF WAR
Civilian Casualties During the Air Campaign and Violations of the Laws of War - Human Rights Watch.
The US, Not Iraq, Wins Hands Down as The World's Most Dangerous Country
SPECIAL REPORT ON IRAQ (September 7, 2002)
N-bomb for Saddam in three years
Dossier proves Saddam must be stopped (September 7. 2002)
(...) Iraq now has all the elements of a workable nuclear weapon, except the fissile material needed to fuel it, according to defectors. In July 2002, Khidir Hamza, a defecting Iraqi nuclear science director, told the US Congress that "with the workable design and most of the needed components for a nuclear weapon already tested, Iraq is in the final stages of its programme to enrich enough uranium for the final component needed in the nuclear core". (...) In December 2001, A former Iraqi nuclear scientist, Adnan Ihsan Saeed al-Haideri, said Iraq has reactivated 300 secret weapons laboratories since the withdrawal of UN weapons inspectors. Nuclear production and storage facilities are being hidden to the rear of government companies and private villas in residential areas. CLIP
Should there be a war against Iraq? (September 7, 2002)
Do you think there should be a war against Iraq ? What would be the consequences Or do you think Saddam Hussein should be given more time to allow arms inspectors into his country ? Is the air raid on Iraq justified?
HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES OF THE COMMENTS POSTED ABOVE...
"There's only one reason that Saddam wasn't taken out last time, the US, UK and others had very lucrative arms contracts with Iraq's neighbours. Take out the threat, and you take out the profit."
- John, England
"The US has engaged in nuclear war in Japan, chemical warfare in Vietnam and Kosovo and indulges in bio-warfare against Iraq (Causing plague and disease through sanctions). These are some of the actions of the leading rogue state over the last 50 years through its attempts to bend the world to its will. People are not stupid and can see through the blatant propaganda which is foisted on them through unquestioning news agencies too cowardly to fulfil their real function."
- Tez, UK
"George Bush is talking about "restoring democracy in Iraq". I always thought that democracy was letting a country's citizens choose their own leadership. The US removing Hussein from power (by killing him) is not letting the people of Iraq choose their leader. In fact, it's the absolute opposite, because by doing so, they take away the possibility of choice. As a Dutch politician said recently, it's up to the people of Iraq to get rid of Saddam Hussein. The only way they can do that, is by lifting sanctions and for them to become stronger. But I'm afraid the war will happen anyway, because George Bush has shown during the elections, he is not strong on democracy."
- Michiel Brinkers, The Netherlands
"As a Conservative, I believe in the regulation of international affairs through the rule of law, self-determination, peaceful coexistence and democratic consultation. Any head of state who bypasses these principles is, by definition, a dictator. That is the case with George Bush and Tony Blair."
- Edmund Burke, England
Letter on Iraq by the former U.S. Attorney General Ramsey Clark to the UN Security Council
War begins and nobody notices! (September 5)
(...) in January, when Bush began talking about "regime change" in Iraq, he signed an intelligence order directing the CIA to topple Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. (As a footnote, this violates U.S. law (...) At the time there were approximately 50,000 U.S. and British troops surrounding Iraq. According to Erikson and numerous overseas reports, that number has quietly grown to well over 100,000 U.S. troops in and around Iraq. This does not include soldiers, sailors and airmen within the expanded theater of operations. There have been two main acceleration points: March and June. A new airfield is operational in Qatar and thousands of U.S. troops are working with local forces in Iraqi Kurdistan, mapping out targets, and covertly planning what will be the long awaited major escalation of a campaign already under way. There's more, much more. On August 9, the Turkish daily, Hurriyet, reported that 5,000 Turkish troops entered northern Iraq and took over a key airbase, north of Mosul. Meanwhile the Jordanian news agency, Petra, counts thousands more U.S. troops present to conduct joint exercises with the Jordanian army. Still thousands more have been added to Kuwait. If you add in the surrounding region, including allied troops, the number deployed or ready to attack on short notice may reach upwards of 400,000. So where are the nightly reports showing tearful loved ones waiving goodbye as their beloved sons and daughters embark on the latest crusade against the evil doers? Undoubtedly many units are being reassigned, but many more are shipping out under stealth, seemingly without notice. All we seem to hear about is the stepped up bombing campaign. But then what better way to start a new war, than to clandestinely create a military situation with unstoppable momentum? So the war is on, begun in cloaked fashion as it were, during the dog days of summer. Given these developments overseas, the factional in fighting within the Bush administration concerning war with Iraq should be viewed not as a major turf war, but more as a low-level distraction. CLIP
UK Russia warns of veto on Iraq (2 September, 2002)
(...) Russia could not see "a single well-founded argument that Iraq represents a threat to US national security", Mr Ivanov said. (...) Iraq and Russia recently agreed to sign an economic co-operation deal worth up to $60bn.
Seven Reasons to Oppose a U.S. Invasion of Iraq (August 2002)
1. A War Against Iraq Would Be Illegal
2. Regional Allies Widely Oppose a U.S. Attack
3. There Is No Evidence of Iraqi Links to Al Qaeda or Other Anti-American Terrorists
4. There Is No Firm Proof that Iraq Is Developing Weapons of Mass Destruction
5. Iraq Is No Longer a Significant Military Threat to Its Neighbors
6. There Are Still Nonmilitary Options Available
7. Defeating Iraq Would Be Militarily Difficult
Eight Washington Lies About Iraq
REASONS NOT TO GO TO WAR
Iraq's weapons of mass destruction have been destroyed and Iraq is not a military threat
Ex-weapons inspector Scott Ritter wrote, "
From a qualitative standpoint, Iraq has in fact been disarmed... The chemical, biological, nuclear and long-range ballistic missile programs that were a real threat in 1991 had, by 1998, been destroyed or rendered harmless." [Boston Globe op-ed (3/9/00)]
Pre-Emptive Strike on Iraq: Count NATO Out (5 September, 2002)
ACTIONS YOU CAN TAKE
George Bush is MOVING AHEAD with his plans for WAR ON IRAQ. Your letters to Congress and the editor are very important.
This call for a worldwide fellowship that lifts neighborly concerns beyond ones tribes, race, class and nation is in reality a call for an all-embracing and unconditional love for all mankind. We can no longer afford to worship the God of hate or bow before the altar of retaliation. The oceans of history are made turbulent by the ever-rising tides of hate. History is cluttered with the wreckage of nations and individuals that pursued this self-defeating path of hate.
- Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., April 4, 1967, Riverside Church
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